J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2006 Aug;44(4):421-431.

Evaluation of the accuracy of fixture-level impression technique for internal connection implant using clinical methods

  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, The Institute of Oral Health Science, Samsung Medical Center, Korea


Statement of problem: Accurate impression is essential to success of implant prostheses. But there have been few studies about the accuracy of fixture-level impression technique in internal connection implant system. Purpose: This study evaluated the accuracy of splinted fixture-level impression technique using clinical methods and the effect of internal hex on fit of superstructure in internal connection implant system (Astra Tech). Material and method: Two metal master frameworks made from two abutments (Cast-to Abutment ST) each for parallel and divergent conditions and a corresponding, passively fitting, dental stone master cast with four fixture replicas (Fixture Replica ST) were fabricated. Ten dental stone casts were made with vinyl polysiloxane impressions from the master cast by acrylic resin splinted fixture-level impression technique. To evaluate the accuracy of impression technique, the fit of master frameworks for test models was evaluated using screw resistance test (SRT) and onescrew test. The results of SRT were recorded as SRT values from grade 1 to grade 5 by 1/4 turn. And to evaluate the effect of hex on fit of superstructure, the same tests were performed after removing hexes of master frameworks.
1. There was only one case (2.5%) showing SRT value of test model below grade 2 in total before and after removing hexes of master frameworks. And, by removing hexes, SRT values decreased in only one test model (5%) and did not change in 17 test models (85%). 2. SRT values of the 1st screws were grade 2 in 80% of cases before, and grade 1 in 80% of cases after removing hexes. And, by removing hexes, SRT values decreased in 72.5% of cases. 3. SRT values of the 2nd screws were grade 3 in 85% of cases before, and grade 3 in 95% of cases after removing hexes. And, by removing hexes, SRT values did not change in 85% of cases. 4. There were only 2 cases regarded as acceptable fit by one-screw test, and SRT values of 2nd screws of both cases were grade 2.
Within the limitations of this study, fixture-level impression of internal connection implant system is considered to obtain inaccurate working cast, even using acrylic resin splinted impression technique. And, it is considered to be unable to improve the fit to remove the hexes of implant restoration.


Fixture-level impression; Splinted impression technique; Internal connection; Screw resistance test; One-screw test

MeSH Terms

Prostheses and Implants
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