J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2012 Sep;18(3):281-289. 10.11111/jkana.2012.18.3.281.

Nursing Performance and Organizational Socialization of New Nurses according to Teaching Style of Preceptors and Personality of New Nurses

  • 1College of Nursing, Gachon University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Konyang University, Korea. nyyang@konyang.ac.kr


In this study, we examined the differences and relationship between teaching style of preceptors, and personality, nursing performance, and organizational socialization of new nurses.
The participants were 118 new nurses. The data collected from March to May 2011 were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients.
Teaching style of preceptors was most frequently judgement-initiative, and personality of new nurses was most frequently extraversion. Nursing performance (3.05+/-.59) and organizational socialization (3.05+/-.59) of new nurses were at an average level. Nursing performance and organizational socialization of new nurses were not significantly different according to teaching style of preceptors. Significant correlations were found between personality and nursing performance, and between personality and organizational socialization.
These findings indicate that changes in perceived teaching style of preceptors and personality of new nurses may be necessary to increase efficiency of preceptorship related to nursing performance and organizational socialization of new nurses. The above-mentioned results should be reflected in the development of effective preceptor training programs.


Teaching style; Personality; Nursing performance; Organizational socialization

MeSH Terms

Extraversion (Psychology)

Cited by  2 articles

Validity and Reliability of the Clinical Teaching Behavior Inventory (CTBI) for Nurse Preceptors in Korea
Myun Sook Jung, Eun Gyung Kim, Se Young Kim, Jong Kyung Kim, Sun Ju You
J Korean Acad Nurs. 2019;49(5):526-537.    doi: 10.4040/jkan.2019.49.5.526.

Mediating Effect of Self-efficacy in the Relationship between Informal Learning, Shared Leadership and Organizational Socialization of Beginner ․ Advanced Beginner Nurses
Nam Yi Kim, Chung Hee Woo
J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2018;24(1):1-9.    doi: 10.11111/jkana.2018.24.1.1.


1. Andersen SL. Preceptor teaching strategies; Behavior that facilitate role transition in senior nursing students. J Nurs Staff Dev. 1991. 7(4):171–175.
2. Boo EH. The effect of self-efficacy promoting program on the new staff nurse's self-efficacy and organizational socialization outcome. 2006. Seoul: Yonsei University;Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
3. Bradshaw MJ, Rule R, Hopper V. Spotlight on a joint junior-senior clinical experience. Nurse Educ. 2002. 27(2):56–57.
4. Cho YM. The effects of preceptors' teaching style on nursing performance and job & education satisfaction of new nurses. 2008. Inchon: Gachon University;Unpublished master's thesis.
5. Choi JS, Yang NY. Differences in job stress, and job satisfaction according to teaching style, and personality of preceptors. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2011. 17(3):349–356.
6. Choi SO. The development of organizational socialization process model of new nurses in hospital setting using a system dynamics approach. 2004. Seoul: Ewha Womans University;Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
7. Costa PT, McCrae RR. Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) professional manual. 1992. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assesment Resources.
8. Decker PJ, Sullivan EJ. Nursing administration: a micro/macro approach for effective nurse executives. 1992. Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange.
9. Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang AG, Buchner A. G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis power analysis program for the social, behavior, and biomedical sciences. Behav Res Methods. 2007. 39(2):175–191.
10. Gwede CK, Johnson DJ, Roberts C, Cantor AB. Burnout in clinical research coordinators in the United States. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2005. 32(6):1123–1130.
11. Hwang DJ. A study on the mutual perception and relationship between the teaching style and the learning style. 1999. Seoul: Yonsei University;Unpublished master's thesis.
12. Im SB, Kim KE. Clinical nurses's job stress and coping strategies according to personality type. J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2005. 14(4):390–399.
13. Kaviani N, Stillwell Y. An evaluative study of clinical preceptorship. Nurse Educ Today. 2000. 20(3):218–226.
14. Kim CK. A comparative study between self evaluation and preceptor evaluation in new graduate nurses on nursing performance. 2008. Seoul: Yonsei University;Unpublished master's thesis.
15. Kim DY, Yoo TY. The relationships between the big five personality factors and contextual performance in work organizations. Korean J Ind Organ Psychol. 2002. 15(2):1–24.
16. Kim HK, Ji HS, Ryu EK, Jeon MK. Comparison of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and burnout by personalities of nurses in hospitals-using korean enneagram personality type indicators: KEPTI. Clin Nurs Res. 2005. 11(1):109–121.
17. Kim JY. The effects of teaching style of preceptor and learning style of new graduate nurse on nursing performance and satisfaction with preceptorship. 2003. Seoul: Seoul National University;Unpublished master's thesis.
18. Kim MS, Choi SO. Concept analysis of organizational socialization. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2003. 9(1):19–30.
19. Kolb DA. Experimental learning. 1984. Englewood Cliffs: New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
20. Kwon IG, Jung KH, Cho HS, Hwang JW, Kim JY, Jeon KO, et al. Development and validation of the core competency evaluation tool for new graduate nurse's preceptor. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2002. 8(4):535–549.
21. Lee HS. The effect of the nursing organizational socialization promotion program on organizational outcomes. 2008. Seoul: Korea University;Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
22. Louis MR. Surprise and sense making: What newcomers experience in entering unfamiliar organizational setting. Adm Sci Q. 1980. 25(2):226–251.
23. McCarty M, Higging A. Moving to an all graduate profession: preparing preceptors for their role. Nurse Educ Today. 2003. 23(2):89–95.
24. Park JW. The organizational socialization from the character type and the general trait. 2009. Seoul: Kyung Hee University;Unpublished master's thesis.
25. Park SA, Park KO, Kim SY, Sung YH. A development of standardized nurse performance appraisal tool. Clin Nurs Res. 2007. 13(1):197–211.
26. Pervin LA, John OP. Personality: Theory & research. 2001. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
27. Shin HK. Organizational socialization of new staff nurses and its related factors. 2004. Seoul: Yonsei University;Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
28. Sohn IS, Kim HS, Kwon JS, Park DL, Han YH, Han SS. Development of an instrument to measure organizational socialization of new clinical nurses. J Korean Clin Nurs Res. 2008. 14(1):85–97.
29. Song YS, Lee MY. The effect of needs for professional development and organizational climate on organizational socialization. J Korean Clin Nurs Res. 2010. 16(3):51–61.
30. Woo KH. Relationship of interpersonal relation tendency• personality and job satisfaction•organizational commitment among clinical nurses. 2008. Seoul: Hanyang University;Unpublished master's thesis.
Full Text Links
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2024 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr