Korean J Gastrointest Endosc.  1999 Dec;19(6):861-868.

A Clinical Analysis of an Esophageal Hiatal Hernia and Reflux Esophagitis - The relationship with weight, alcohol, smoking, coffee, H. pylori infection

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Seonam, Kwangju, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS
The importance of esophageal hiatal hernias in the pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease has been debated. It has been reported that a variety of factors are associated with hiatal hernias and esophagitis. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between hiatal hernia, reflux esophagitis and weight, alcohol, smoking, coffee and H. pylori infection.
METHODS
660 consecutive patients who had undergone an esophagogastroduodenoscopy due to upper gastrointestinal symptoms were reviewed. A diagnosis of hital hernia was made when the distance between the diaphragmatic crus and the tubular esophagus exceeded 1.5 cm, and the presence of a hernia sac at the U turn of the scope.
RESULTS
Among the 660 cases, 71 cases (10.8%) of hiatal hernia and 30 cases (4.5%) of reflux esophagitis were noted. The male-to-female ratio was 1.6:1 and 4.3:1, respectively. The most common age group involved the fifth decade and sixth decade. Reflux esophagitis was found in 13 (18.3%) of 71 patients with hiatal hernias. Hiatal hernias were found in 36 (17.9%) of 201 patients who were overweight (BMI>23) and in 43 (23%) of 187 patients who were smokers. Reflux esophagitis was found in 23 (11.9%) of 194 patients who were alcohol drinkers and in 21 (11.2%) of 187 patients who were smokers. H. pylori infection was present in 36 (50.7%) of 71 patients with hiatal hernias, and 17 (56.2%) of 30 patients with reflux esophagitis.
CONCLUSIONS
The rate of the hiatal hernia was significantly higher in patients who were overweight and smokers. The rate of reflux esophagitis was significantly higher in patients who were alcohol drinkers and smokers. But in multivariate analysis, none were risk factors associated with hiatal hernias or reflux esophagitis.

Keyword

Hiatal hernia; Reflux esophagitis

MeSH Terms

Coffee*
Diagnosis
Endoscopy, Digestive System
Esophagitis
Esophagitis, Peptic*
Esophagus
Gastroesophageal Reflux
Hernia
Hernia, Hiatal*
Humans
Multivariate Analysis
Overweight
Risk Factors
Smoke*
Smoking*
Coffee
Smoke
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