J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  1999 Apr;37(2):185-199.

STRESS ANALYSIS AT SUPPORTING TISSUE OF ABUTMENT TEETH AND RESIDUAL RIDGE ACCORDING TO DENTURE DESIGN WITH REMAINING UNILATERAL POSTERIOR TEETH

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the distribution and magnitude of stress at supporting tissue of abutment teeth and residual ridge tissue with remaining unilateral posterior teeth. Four types of removable partial dentures that included clasp retained removable partial denture, attachment retained removable partial denture, telescopic removable partial denture, and swing-lock partial denture were designed, and strain gauge was used for stress analysis. Each prosthesis was subjected to simulated vertical and oblique load. The following conclusions were drawn from this study. 1. The clasp retained removable partial denture generally distributed simulated vertical force more evenly to the supporting structure. 2. The stress at buccal side of 1st premolar was the lowest in swing-lock partial denture and that was highest in attchment retained removable partial denture. The stress at lingual side of 1st premolar was the lowest in telescopic partial denture. 3. In clasp retained removable partial denture, stress was lower at load site and ridge crest at midline, but it was higher at lst premolar area on vertical load. 4. In attachment removable partial denture, stresses at buccal side of 1st premolar, lingual side of 1st premolar on vertical load, and ridge crest at midline on oblique load were higher. 5. In telescopic removable partial denture, stress at lingual side of 1st premolar was the least in all removable partial dentures, but the stress at load site was higher. 6. In swing-lock removable partial denture, stress at buccal side of 1st premolar was the lowest, and stresses at load site and distal end of residual ridge crest were higher.


MeSH Terms

Bicuspid
Denture Design*
Denture, Partial
Denture, Partial, Removable
Dentures*
Prostheses and Implants
Tooth*
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