J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2006 Feb;44(1):20-28.

The study about the marginal fit of the casting titanium and machine-milled titanium copings

  • 1Department of Prosthodontic Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Korea.


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The titanium has advantages of a high biocompatibility, a corrosion resistence, low density, and cheep price, so it is focused as a substituted alloy. But it is quite difficult to cast with the tranditional method due to the high melting point, reacivity with element at elevated temperature. By using the CAD-CAM system for the crown construction, it is possible to reduce the errors while proceeding the wax-up, investing, and casting procedure. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to measure the marginal adaptation of the casting titanium coping and machine-milled titanium coping according to the casting methods and the marginal configurations. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The marginal configurations were used chamfer, shoulder,and beveled shoulder. The total 30 copings were used, and these are divided into 6 groups according to the manufacturing method and marginal configuration. The gap between margin of the model and the restoration was measured with 3-dimensional measuring microscope.
The following results were obtained; 1. casting gold coping demonstrated the best marginal seal, followed by casting titanium coping finally machine-milled titanium copings. 2. In casting titanium coping, chamfer demonstrated the best marginal seal, followed by shoulder and beveled shoulder. There was no significantly difference in shoulder and beveled shoulder. But all margin form has clinically acceptable 3. In machine-milled titanium copings, chamfer demonstrated the best marginal seal, followed by shoulder and beveled shoulder. Beveled shoulder show large and uneven marginal gap. CONCLUSIONS: Above result revealed that marginal adaptation of the titanim coping is available in the clinical range, it can be used as an alternative metal and it is prefered especially in chamfer or shoulder margin during implant superstructure fabrication. But there should be more research on machine-milled titanium in order to use it in the clinics.


Titanium; Casting; Machine-milled; Marginal Fit

MeSH Terms

Computer-Aided Design
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