J Korean Med Sci.  2009 Feb;24(1):170-172. 10.3346/jkms.2009.24.1.170.

Surgical Treatment of Native Valve Aspergillus Endocarditis and Fungemic Vascular Complications

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Korea. pwseo@dankook.ac.kr

Abstract

Systemic infection with Aspergillus is an opportunistic disease that affects mainly immunocompromised hosts, and is associated with a high mortality rate. It typically occurs in patients with several predisposing factors, but Aspergillus endocarditis of native valves is rare and experience in diagnosis and treatment is limited. We report a case of native valve endocarditis caused by Aspergillus. A 35-yr-old male patient who underwent pericardiocentesis four months previously for pericardial effusion of unknown etiology presented with right leg pain and absence of the right femoral artery pulse. Cardiac echocardiography revealed severe mitral insufficiency with large mobile vegetations, and computed tomographic angiography showed embolic occlusion of both common iliac arteries. We performed mitral valve replacement and thromoembolectomy, and Aspergillus was identified as the vegetation. We started intravenous amphotericin B and oral itraconazole, but systemic complications developed including superior mesenteric artery aneurysm and gastrointestinal bleeding. After aggressive management, the patient was discharged 78 days post surgery on oral itraconazole. He was well at 12 months post discharge but died in a traffic accident 13 months after discharge.

Keyword

Aspergillus; Endocarditis; Vascular Diseases; Surgery

MeSH Terms

Administration, Oral
Adult
Amphotericin B/administration & dosage
Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage
Aspergillosis/complications/*diagnosis/drug therapy
Aspergillus/isolation & purification
Endocarditis/*diagnosis/surgery/ultrasonography
Heart Valve Diseases/*diagnosis/microbiology/surgery
Humans
Itraconazole/administration & dosage
Male
Postoperative Complications/microbiology
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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