Korean J Psychosom Med.  2011 Dec;19(2):66-73.

A Study of Psychiatric Treatment Compliance in Referred Patients at a General Hospital

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. koyh@korea.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The present study investigates the status of inpatient psychiatric consultations at a general hospital in order to find factors that contribute to treatment compliance related to psychiatric consultations.
METHODS
The subjects were 333 patients who were hospitalized at Korea University Medical Center Ansan Hospital from 1 September 2009 to 31 July 2010.The patients were referred for psychiatric consultation during hospitalization. This study investigates demographic data, request department, referral causes, requestor, psychiatric history and diagnosis, andpsychiatric treatment compliance. Treatment compliance was defined as whether or not the patient had accepted psychiatric treatment during hospitalization or outpatient department(OPD) follow-up. This study ascertains the factors that have impact on compliance, by taking binary logistic regression with compliance and other variables.
RESULTS
Among the patients that were offered psychiatric treatment during hospitalization(N=310), treatment compliance was 82.9%. Among the patients that were offered OPD treatment(N=111), compliance was 55.8%. Elderly group(>65 years) showed better compliance to treatment during hospitalization than the younger patient group(OR=4.838, p=0.004). Patients with secondary psychiatric disorders showed better OPD follow-up compliance than patients with secondary psychiatric disorders(OR=8.520, p=.008).
CONCLUSION
Elderly patients showed better compliance for psychiatric treatment during hospitalization. However they commonly have disorders such as delirium and mood disorders that have impact on the patient's physical state, hence further active measures should be carried out. Patients referred due to primary psychiatric disorders showed poor OPD compliance. Therefore clinicians have to suggest multidisciplinary interventions that will improve treatment compliance of such patients.

Keyword

Psychiatric consultation; Treatment compliance

MeSH Terms

Academic Medical Centers
Aged
Compliance
Delirium
Follow-Up Studies
Hospitalization
Hospitals, General
Humans
Inpatients
Korea
Logistic Models
Mood Disorders
Outpatients
Referral and Consultation
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