Exp Mol Med.  2004 Jun;36(3):251-258.

Gene expression in uremic left ventricular hypertrophy: effects of hypertension andanemia

  • 1Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 9720, USA.
  • 2Asan Institute for Life Sciences, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Seoul 138-736, Korea. ymkimpak@amc.seoul.kr


Hypertension and anemia may be causes of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in uremia but the molecular mechanism is not known. Uremia was induced in male Spraugue Dawley rats by 5/6 nephrectomy. The following groups of rats were studied for 6 weeks; uremic rats (U) fed ad. lib., control rats (C) pair-fed with U, U rats given hydralazine (100 mg/kg/day) (UH), U rats given erythropoietin (48U/kg/week, i.p.) (UE). Both diastolic and mean arterial pressures are higher (P<0.01) in U and UE compared with C whereas both pressures in UH were normalized. Hemoglobin in U was lower than in C, and was normalized in UE. U, UH and UE had higher heart weight/body weight ratios (HW/BW) as well as left ventricular weight/body weight ratios (LV/BW) compared with C (P<0.01). Compared with U, UH has lower HW/BW and LV/BW (P <0.05) and UE has normal HW/BW but lower LV/BW than U (P<0.05). To see if the gene expression in uremic LVH is similar to that described in pressure overload LVH in which mRNA levels of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), atrial natriuretic factors (ANF) and skeletal alpha-actin were increased, we measured these mRNA levels by Northern analysis. TGF-beta, ACE and alpha-actin mRNA levels were not changed in all 4 groups. ANF mRNA in U and UE was increased 3 fold over C, and normalized in UH. Treatment of anemia with erythropoietin improved uremic LVH but did not change ANF mRNA; whereas treatment of hypertension with hydralazine normalized ANF mRNA but did not completely correct uremic LVH. Thus, gene expression in uremic LVH is distinct from that in pressure- overload LVH, suggesting that other unidentified factor(s) might be involved in uremic LVH.


anemia; cardiac hypertrophy; hypertension; left ventricular hypertrophy; uremia
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