Korean J Parasitol.  2000 Dec;38(4):275-277. 10.3347/kjp.2000.38.4.275.

A small-scale survey on the status of intestinal parasite infections in rural villages in Nepal

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Parasitology and Institute of Tropical Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, Korea. tsyong212@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr

Abstract

The status of intestinal parasite infections was investigated in two rural villages (Chitrasar, Jerona) in Chitwan District, Nepal in 1999. Stool examination was performed with a total of 300 specimens from schoolchildren by formalin-ether sedimentation technique. The prevalence rate of intestinal parasite infections in the surveyed areas was 44.0%. The prevalence rate in Jerona was slightly higher than that in Chitrasar. The prevalence rate of intestinal parasite infections in female was slightly higher than that in male without statistically significant difference. Entamoeba coli was the most commonly found protozoan parasite (21.0%) followed by Giardia lamblia (13.7%) and others (5.3%). Hookworm was the most prevalent intestinal helminth (13.0%) followed by Trichuris trichiura (3.0%) and others (5.0%). Forty-three specimens (14.3%) showed mixed infections. It is necessary to implement large-scale treatment with anthelminthics, health education and sanitary improvement for intestinal parasite control in the surveyed areas.


MeSH Terms

Child
Feces/parasitology
Female
Health Education
Human
Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology
Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology*
Male
Nepal/epidemiology
Parasite Egg Count
Prevalence
Rural Population
Sample Size
Sex Factors
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