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A Group of Descending Glutamatergic Neurons Activated by Stress in Corticolimbic Regions Project to the Nucleus Accumbens

Park JY, Park SY, Kwon H, Song Y, Yun B, Lee Y, Cho Y, Joo A, Han PL

The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is the major component of the ventral striatum that regulates stress-induced depression. The NAc receives dopaminergic inputs from the ventral tegmental area (VTA), and the role...
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Expression of µ-Opioid Receptor in CA1 Hippocampal Astrocytes

Nam MH, Han KS, Lee J, Bae JY, An H, Park S, Oh SJ, Kim E, Hwang E, Bae YC, Lee CJ

µ-opioid receptor (MOR) is a class of opioid receptors with a high affinity for enkephalins and beta-endorphin. In hippocampus, activation of MOR is known to enhance the neuronal excitability of...
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Macrophage migration inhibitory factor mediates peripheral nerve injury-induced hypersensitivity by curbing dopaminergic descending inhibition

Wang X, Ma S, Wu H, Shen X, Xu S, Guo X, Bolick ML, Wu S, Wang F

Our previous works disclosed the contributing role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and dopaminergic inhibition by lysine dimethyltransferase G9a/Glp complex in peripheral nerve injury-induced hypersensitivity. We herein propose that...
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Melanocortin 4 Receptor and Dopamine D2 Receptor Expression in Brain Areas Involved in Food Intake

Yoon YR, Baik JH

BACKGROUND: The melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) is involved in the regulation of homeostatic energy balance by the hypothalamus. Recent reports showed that MC4R can also control the motivation for food...
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How Leptin Controls the Drive to Eat

Patterson , Myers MG

  • KMID: 2271158
  • Korean J Obes.
  • 2015 Jun;24(2):69-77.
A complex set of brain based systems modulate feeding to maintain constant body weight. The adipose derived-hormone, leptin, plays a crucial role in this control by acting on diverse leptin...
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Acamprosate-induced Extrapyramidal Symptoms in an Elderly Patient with Alcohol Dependence

Woo J, Rim HD

  • KMID: 2279951
  • Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci.
  • 2014 Aug;12(2):166-168.
Acamprosate reduces the craving for alcohol by decreasing glutamate activity and increasing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) action in patients with alcohol dependence. Acamprosate has tolerable side effects that include diarrhea, headache,...
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Chronic Administration of Baicalein Decreases Depression-Like Behavior Induced by Repeated Restraint Stress in Rats

Lee B, Sur B, Park J, Kim SH, Kwon S, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

Baicalein (BA), a plant-derived active flavonoid present in the root of Scutellaria baicalensis, has been widely used for the treatment of stress-related neuropsychiatric disorders including depression. Previous studies have demonstrated...
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Neurobiology, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drug abuse

Kim SY, Lee JS, Han DW

All drugs of abuse, like neural rewarding behaviors such as sex and eating, increase extra-cellular dopamine (DA) levels in the nucleus accumbens (NA), which is a part of the common...
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Beyond Substance Addiction: Broadening the Concept of Addiction to Include Behavioral Addiction

Kim JH, Seo JS

No abstract available.
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Transcriptional Mechanisms of Drug Addiction

Nestler EJ

Regulation of gene expression is considered a plausible mechanism of drug addiction given the stability of behavioral abnormalities that define an addicted state. Numerous transcription factors, proteins that bind to...
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Etiology and Clinical Charateristics of Alcohol Use Disorder

Seo JS

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) includes alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. Since AUD is considered a bio-psycho-social disease, the etiology is multifactorial, including biological, psychological and social variables. Neurobiologically, addiction is...
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Smoking as an Addictive Disorder

Joe KH, Kim DJ

  • KMID: 2341546
  • J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.
  • 2009 Jul;48(4):213-219.
Nicotine is the major substance that accounts for the addictive nature of smoking. Nicotine induces neurobiological and behavioral responses through diverse neurochemical mechanisms over the central nervous system. The brain...
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Effects of Repeated Nicotine Treatment on the Changes in Glutamate Receptor Subunits Levels in Mesocorticolimbic Dopamine Areas

Lee KJ, Kim DH, Choi SH, Shin YC, Park SH, Moon BH, Kang SW, Cho E, Choi SH, Chun BG, Lee MS, Shin KH

  • KMID: 1512893
  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2007 Aug;11(4):139-144.
Recent studies suggest that alterations in glutamate receptor subunit levels in mesocorticolimbic dopamine areas could account for neural adaptations in response to psychostimulant drugs. Although many drugs of abuse induce...
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Neuroanatomy of Sleep-Wake Regulation and its Application to Pharmacotherapy

Kim HC

  • KMID: 2286720
  • Korean J Psychopharmacol.
  • 2007 May;18(3):133-142.
A current hypothesis of sleep-wake regulation proposes that the sleep process starts with the activation of sleep-promoting neurons located in the preoptic area of the anterior hypothalamus. This activation leads...
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Effects of Chronic Alcohol Exposure on Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Neurotransmission System in Rat

Park SW, Lee YC, Ha EK, Kim YK, Lee YK, Chung DO, Ryu JW, Kong BG, Kim YH

  • KMID: 2287358
  • Korean J Psychopharmacol.
  • 2005 Jan;16(1):81-90.
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effects of chronic alcohol exposure on rat brain THmRNA expression, TH (tyrosine hydroxylase) acitivity, and TPH (tryptophan hydroxylase) activity which are important in synthesis of...
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The Behavioral Changes and the Patterns of Dopamine NeuronalDegeneration after Intrastriatal 6-hydroxydopamine Injection in Rat

Lee WY, Kim GM, Lee JI

  • KMID: 2342860
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2000 Nov;18(6):741-747.
BACKGROUND: The terminal destruction of the striatal dopaminergic axon can produce the retrograde degeneration of nigral dopaminergic neurons. An analyses of the postsynaptic dopamine D1 & D2 receptors and the...
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The study of dopaminergic immunoreactive cell change in mesencephalon and pons of mongolian gerbil by water deprived day

Song CW, Lee KY, Park IK, Jung JY, Kwon HJ, Lee CH, Hyun BH, Jung YG, Lee KI, Kim MK

  • KMID: 2092725
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 2000 Apr;33(2):161-171.
Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) has been as an model animal for studing the neurologic disease because of the long-term survival in the condition of water-deprived desert condition. In order to...
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The Effect of MPTP on Movement and TH-immunoreactive Neuronal Changes of C57BL/6 Mice in Relation to Aging

Kim JW, Baek SY, Yoon HW

  • KMID: 1530497
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 1999 Jun;32(3):421-424.
The effects of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) on movement and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive (ir) neuronal changes in young (5~6 weeks) and aged (10~12 months) C57BL/6 mice were studied. Locomotor...
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An Autoradiographic Study on the Rat Neostriatal Dopamine Receptor Changes after 6-hydroxydopamine Injection into the Medial Prefrontal Cortex

Kwon JS, Lee DY, Woo JI

  • KMID: 2340296
  • J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.
  • 1999 Mar;38(2):408-418.
The frontal cortex of rat is innervated by dopaminergic pathway(mesocortical pathway) arising from ventral tegmental area. Several studies have suggested that mesocortical dopaminergic neurons may modulate the function of dopaminergic...
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Distribution of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor-Immunoreactive Neurons and Axon Terminals in the Rat Brain

Lee SW, Kim JK, Kim DS, Cho HJ

  • KMID: 1530291
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 1998 Dec;31(6):871-885.
Because of its broad range of activities, BDNF is being tested or considered for treatment of a variety of neurodegen-erative diseases. However, a discrepancy exists in the literature concerning the...
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