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Effect of Early Tracheostomy on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Prolonged Acute Mechanical Ventilation: A Single-Center Study

Kang Y, Yoo W, Kim Y, Ahn HY, Lee SH, Lee K

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of early tracheostomy on clinical outcomes in patients requiring prolonged acute mechanical ventilation (≥96 hours). METHODS: Data from 575 patients...
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Effects of Particulate Respirator Use on Cardiopulmonary Function in Elderly Women: a Quasi-Experimental Study

Lim YH, Kim W, Choi Y, Kim HC, Na G, Kim HR, Hong YC

BACKGROUND: Individual particulate respirator use may offer protection against exposure to particulate matter < 2.5 µm in diameter (PM(2.5)). Among elderly Korean women, we explored individual particulate respirator use and...
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Association of vitamin D deficiency with clinical outcomes in critically ill Korean children

Jhang WK, Kim DH, Park SJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is a pleiotropic hormone that affects various body organ systems. We evaluated the prevalence of a vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and its potential role in the clinical...
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The effect of high fat dietary modification and nutritional status on the outcome of critically ill ventilated children: single-center study

El Koofy N, Rady HI, Abdallah S, Bazaraa HM, Rabie WA, El-Ayadi A

BACKGROUND: Ventilator dependency constitutes a major problem in the intensive care setting. Malnutrition is considered a major determinant of extubation failure, however, attention has been attracted to modulating carbon dioxide...
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The Utility of Non-Invasive Nasal Positive Pressure Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Near Drowning Patients

Kim JH, Sun KH, Park YJ

PURPOSE: Near drowning refers to immediate survival after asphyxia due to submersion or immersion in water, which is a crucial public safety problem worldwide. Acute lung injury or acute respiratory...
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The Association of Respiratory Morbidity and Assisted Ventilation Rates in Late Preterm Births after Premature Rupture of Membranes: A Retrospective Cohort Study in a Tertiary Center

Seong JS, Oh SH, Lee SJ, Park JY, Oh KJ, Hong JS

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the association of respiratory morbidity and assisted ventilation rates in late preterm births after premature rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: This retrospective...
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Do Various Respirator Models Fit the Workers in the Norwegian Smelting Industry?

Foereland , Robertsen , Hegseth MN

BACKGROUND: Respirator fit testing is a method to assess if the respirator provides an adequate face seal for the worker. METHODS: Workers from four Norwegian smelters were invited to participate in...
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Outcomes of open heart surgery in patients with end-stage renal disease

Park JH, Lim JH, Lee KH, Jung HY, Choi JY, Cho JH, Kim CD, Kim YL, Jung H, Kim GJ, Park SH

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases of chronic dialysis patients are often undertreated because of their higher surgical risk. This study aimed to assess mortality and morbidity after open heart surgery in chronic...
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Use of a trans-tracheal rapid insufflation of oxygen device in a “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate” scenario in a parturient: a case report

Lee J, Ng VV, Teo C, Wong P

BACKGROUND: The trans-tracheal rapid insufflation of oxygen (TRIO) device is less commonly used and is an alternative to trans-tracheal jet ventilation for maintaining oxygenation in a “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate”...
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Psychiatric Morbidity of Survivors One Year after the Outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in Korea, 2015

Shin J, Park HY, Kim JL, Lee JJ, Lee H, Lee SH, Shin HS

OBJECTIVES: Patients with an infectious diseases during an outbreak can experience extreme fear and traumatic events in addition to suffering from their medical illness. This study examined the long-term impact...
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Court decisions and legal considerations about the withdrawal of the life-prolonging medical care

Park JT

The Supreme Court decision made on May 21, 2009 about the withdrawal of futile life-prolonging medical care from a persistently vegetative patient provided a legal basis for patients to consent...
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Extended Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Retrospective Multicenter Study

Kim WY, Park S, Kim HJ, Baek MS, Chung CR, Park SH, Kang BJ, Oh JY, Cho WH, Sim YS, Cho YJ, Park S, Kim JH, Hong SB

BACKGROUND: Beyond its current function as a rescue therapy in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be applied in ARDS patients with less severe hypoxemia to...
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Current Status of Noninvasive Ventilation Use in Korean Intensive Care Units: A Prospective Multicenter Observational Study

Nam H, Cho JH, Choi EY, Chang Y, Choi WI, Hwang JJ, Moon JY, Lee K, Kim SW, Kang HK, Sim YS, Park TS, Park SY, Park S, on behalf of Korean NIV Study Group

BACKGROUND: Data on noninvasive ventilation (NIV) use in intensive care units (ICUs) are very limited in South Korea. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed in 20 ICUs of university-affiliated hospitals...
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Feasibility and Functional Evaluation of Noninvasive Ventilation Capable Equipment from the Delivery Room to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Bench Study

Cho HJ, Kim EJ, Son DW, Jeon IS, Lee JS

OBJECTIVE: The use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) for newborns requiring respiratory support in delivery room (DR) is recommended. However, the details related to such use are not well established. A...
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Risk Factors of Delirium in ICU Patients with Acute Poisoning

Kim HY, Cha KM, So BH

PURPOSE: This study estimated the incidence of delirium and associated risk factors and outcomes in ICU patients with acute poisoning. METHODS: Data were collected from ICU patients over 18 years of...
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Reversals in Decisions about Life-Sustaining Treatment and Associated Factors among Older Patients with Terminal Stage of Cardiopulmonary Disease

Choi JJ, Kim SH, Kim SW

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency, patterns, and factors of reversals in decisions about life-sustaining treatment (LST) among older patients with terminal-stage chronic cardiopulmonary disease. METHODS:...
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The experience of remote videoconferencing to enhance emergency resident education using Google Hangouts

Han SG, Hong JY, Hwang YJ, Park I, Chung SP, Cho J

OBJECTIVE: It is difficult for emergency residents to attend all the lectures that are required because of the limited labor time. The Google Hangouts program for has been used as...
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Comparison of Surgical Tracheostomy and Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy in Intensive Care Unit Patients

Shin HI, Jang KI, Kim KM, Nam IC

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) has become an increasingly popular method of establishing an airway for patients in need of chronic ventilator assistance. The aim of this study...
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Laparoscopic surgery: It is no necessary to change ventilator mode to improve ventilation conditions; a controlled trial

Mounir K, Lamkinsi T, Hamzaoui H, Issa S, Bensghir M, Laalaoui S

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: The main objective of this study is to compare the ventilatory effects of AFVC and PC modes with the VC mode in laparoscopic surgery of the gall bladder. METHODS: Thirty-five...
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Central Hypoventilation Syndrome in Posterior Circulation Stroke Treated by Respiratory Rehabilitation: a Case Report

Kim MG, Sul B, Hong BY, Kim JS, Lim SH

Central hypoventilation syndrome is a rare and fatal condition resulting from various central nervous system disorders that is characterized by a failure of automatic breathing. We report a case of...
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