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Differences in Oral Health Status between Rural and Urban Populations of Korean Elders: A Population-Based Study from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI (2013~2015)

Choi YK, Kim EJ

BACKGROUND: Edentulism is associated with socioeconomic status, rural residence, and chronic disease, but no studies have investigated edentulism and residence factors together. All information that drives a better understanding of...
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Upper Endoscopy up to 3 Years Prior to a Diagnosis of Gastric Cancer Is Associated With Lower Stage of Disease in a USA Multiethnic Urban Population, a Retrospective Study

Shah SC, Nakata C, Polydorides AD, Peek RM, Itzkowitz

OBJECTIVES: In the USA, certain races and ethnicities have a disproportionately higher gastric cancer burden. Selective screening might allow for earlier detection and curative resection. Among a USA-based multiracial and...
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Comparing Quality of Life of Elderly Menopause Living in Urban and Rural Areas

Heidari M, Sheikhi RA, Rezaei P, Kabirian Abyaneh S

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to compare the quality of life of elderly menopause living in urban/rural areas of Abadeh, Iran. METHODS: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted on 312...
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Serum alanine aminotransferase levels are closely associated with metabolic disturbances in apparently healthy young adolescents independent of obesity

Kim KE, Baek KS, Han S, Kim JH, Shin YH

PURPOSE: Liver metabolism plays a pivotal role in the development of metabolic disorders. We aimed to investigate the clinical and laboratory risk factors associated with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels in...
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Analysis of Spatial Distribution of Hypertension Prevalence and Its Related Factors based on the Model of Social Determinants of Health

Kim MJ, Park NH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the spatial distribution of hypertension prevalence and to investigate individual and regional-level factors contributing to the prevalence of hypertension in the...
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The effects of water-pipe smoking on birth weight: a population-based prospective cohort study in southern Iran

Nematollahi S, Mansournia MA, Foroushani AR, Mahmoodi M, Alavi A, Shekari M, Holakouie-Naieni K

OBJECTIVES: Consecutive community health assessments revealed that water-pipe smoking in women and impaired growth in children were among the main health concerns in suburban communities in southern Iran. The aim...
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Socioeconomic Inequalities in the Oral Health of People Aged 15-40 Years in Kurdistan, Iran in 2015: A Cross-sectional Study

Moradi G, Moinafshar A, Adabi H, Sharafi M, Mostafavi , Bolbanabad AM

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of dental caries among an urban population. METHODS: This study was conducted among 2000 people 15-40 years...
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Effect of Diet Change on Gut Microbiota: Observational Pilot Study of Four Urban Couples

Roh Y, Lee J, Kim WG, Yi G, Kim BK, Oh B

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have focused on changes in gut microbiota following a dietary change. We identified how the distribution of gut microbiota changed when the dietary habits of young city...
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Environmental Contamination by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato Eggs in Relation to Slaughterhouses in Urban and Rural Areas in Tunisia

Chaâbane-Banaoues R, Oudni-M'rad M, M'rad S, Mezhoud H, Babba H

Hydatidosis has become a real concern for health care institutions and animal rearers in Tunisia. The Tunisian endemicity is aggravated by the growing number of dogs and the difficulty of...
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Identification of dietary patterns in urban population of Argentina: study on diet-obesity relation in population-based prevalence study

Pou SA, del Pilar Díaz M, De La Quintana AG, Forte CA, Aballay LR

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In Argentina, obesity prevalence rose from 14.6% in 2005 to 20.8% in 2013. Although the number of studies on noncommunicable diseases and dietary patterns as a unique dietary exposure...
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Detection Trend of Helminth Eggs in the Strata Soil Samples from Ancient Historic Places of Korea

Seo M, Chai JY, Kim MJ, Shim SY, Ki HC, Shin DH

For several years, we have conducted a series of studies on the patterns of ancient parasitism prevailing in the soil of rural and urban areas of past Kingdom of Korea....
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Interaction of Vitamin D and Smoking on Inflammatory Markers in the Urban Elderly

Lee H, Kim KN, Lim YH, Hong YC

OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies have reported that vitamin D deficiency is associated with inflammatory disease. Smoking is a well-known risk factor for inflammation. However, few studies have investigated the interactive effect...
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Allelic Diversity of MSP1 Gene in Plasmodium falciparum from Rural and Urban Areas of Gabon

Mawili-Mboumba DP, Mbondoukwe N, Adande E, Bouyou-Akotet MK

The present study determined and compared the genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum strains infecting children living in 2 areas from Gabon with different malaria endemicity. Blood samples were collected from...
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Screening Colonoscopy among Uninsured and Underinsured Urban Minorities

Collazo TH, Jandorf L, Thelemaque L, Lee K, Itzkowitz

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Uninsured individuals have lower rates of screening colonoscopy (SC), and little is known regarding the pathology results obtained when they undergo colonoscopies. Since 2004, we have participated in a...
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Increasing Prevalence of Trichophyton rubrum Identified through an Analysis of 115,846 Cases over the Last 37 Years

Lee WJ, Kim SL, Jang YH, Lee SJ, Kim DW, Bang YJ, Jun JB

Trichophyton rubrum is the most common dermatophyte in the world with the highest prevalence in Korea. There are few reports about epidemiological and mycological characteristics of T. rubrum based on...
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Colorectal Foreign Bodies: Six Cases Report and Review of the Literature

Kim H, Choi S, Yun J

The incidence of foreign body insertion in the anorectum is rare, however, it is increasing, especially in urban populations. Foreign objects in the anorectum can be of different sizes, shapes...
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Relationship between Expectations Regarding Aging and Physical Activity among Middle Aged Adults in Urban Areas: Based on the Pender's Health Promotion Model

Cho SH, Choi M, Lee J, Cho H

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure the level of expectations regarding aging (ERA) and identify relationship between ERA and physical activity of middle aged adults. METHODS: Participants were...
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Effectiveness of a Stroke Risk Self-Management Intervention for Adults with Prehypertension

Song HY, Nam KA

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based intervention for prehypertensive adults, to enhance stroke risk awareness and to adopt a preventive lifestyle for...
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The Incidence of Acute Traumatic Tendon Injuries in the Hand and Wrist: A 10-Year Population-based Study

de Jong JP, Nguyen JT, Sonnema AJ, Nguyen EC, Amadio PC, Moran SL

BACKGROUND: Acute traumatic tendon injuries of the hand and wrist are commonly encountered in the emergency department. Despite the frequency, few studies have examined the true incidence of acute traumatic...
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Effective Population Size of Korean Populations

Park L

Recently, new methods have been developed for estimating the current and recent changes in effective population sizes. Based on the methods, the effective population sizes of Korean populations were estimated...
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