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Anti-Inflammatory Effect for Atherosclerosis Progression by Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) Inhibitor in a Normoglycemic Rabbit Model

Lee SG, Lee SJ, Lee JJ, Kim JS, Lee OH, Kim CK, Kim D, Lee YH, Oh J, Park S, Jeon OH, Hong SJ, Ahn CM, Kim BK, Ko YG, Choi D, Hong MK, Jang Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate an anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory effect of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors in normoglycemic atherosclerotic rabbit model. METHODS: Male New Zealand white rabbits (n=26) were fed...
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MiR-484 Protects Rat Myocardial Cells from Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury by Inhibiting Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 during Apoptosis

Liu H, Li S, Jiang W, Li Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To reveal the detail mechanism of miR-484 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury. METHODS: Rats model of MI/R injury was established based on control (Con; sham operate) group, ischemia-reperfusion...
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Involvement of the TNF-α Pathway in TKI Resistance and Suggestion of TNFR1 as a Predictive Biomarker for TKI Responsiveness in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Hwang HS, Park YY, Shin SJ, Go H, Park JM, Yoon SY, Lee JL, Cho YM

BACKGROUND: Mechanism and predictive biomarkers for tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) resistance of advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) have not been fully evaluated. METHODS: We performed gene expression profiling on...
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Effect of Diquafosol on Hyperosmotic Stress-induced Tumor Necrosis Factor-α and Interleukin-6 Expression in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells

Kim YH, Yang IJ, Nguyen LT, Gum SI, Yu S, Lee GJ, Kim BA, Jung JC, Park YJ

PURPOSE: Diquafosol is a pharmaceutical drug used for dry eye treatment with a novel mechanism of action. It is a purinergic P2Y2 receptor agonist that promotes the secretion of tears...
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Baicalein Treatment Promotes Osteoblast Proliferation and Osteogenic Differentiation through Activation of Immediate Early Response 3

Lee SI

BACKGROUND: The primary aims of periodontal disease treatment is to remove dental plaque and calculus, the main causes of tooth loss, and restore periodontal tissue destroyed by inflammation. Periodontal disease...
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Bowel Wall Thickness, Elasticity, Intestinal Permeability, and Inflammatory Cytokines in Patients with Cirrhosis and Ascites

Lee SH, Kwon HJ, Kim NH, Kim HJ, Cho YK, Jeon WK, Park EH, Kim BI

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have reported that endotoxemia is associated with pathogenesis and complications in cirrhosis. Endotoxin stimulates the secretion of inflammatory cytokines, which contributes to the development of complications. In...
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Effects of remifentanil preconditioning on factors related to uterine contraction in WISH cells

Kim CH, Lee SH, Kim EJ, Ahn JH, Choi EJ, Yoon JU, Choi IS

BACKGROUND: Preterm labor and miscarriage may occur in stressful situations, such as a surgical operation or infection during pregnancy. Pharyngeal and buccal abscess and facial bone fractures are inevitable dental...
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A Novel Effect of Lipids Extracted from Vernix Caseosa on Regulation of Filaggrin Expression in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Qiao W, Jia T, Gu H, Guo R, Kaku K, Wu W

BACKGROUND: Vernix caseosa (VC), which is known as a unique human substance, is a biofilm that covers the skin of most human newborns. VC has many biological functions including anti-infective,...
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Effect of Polydeoxyribonucleotide on Lipopolysaccharide and Sevoflurane-Induced Postoperative Cognitive dysfunction in Human Neuronal SH-SY5Y Cells

Jeong H, Chung JY, Ko IG, Kim SH, Jin JJ, Hwang L, Moon EJ, Lee BJ, Yi JW

PURPOSE: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a complication of surgery characterized by acute cognitive dysfunction, memory impairment, and loss of attention. The effect of polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) on the POCD environment...
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Inflammation as the Potential Basis in Depression

Maeng SH, Hong H

There is growing evidence of the association between inflammation and stress-related disorders including depression. The positive correlation between the increased levels of inflammatory cytokines observed in patients with other diseases...
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Effect of lutein on methotrexate-induced oxidative lung damage in rats: a biochemical and histopathological assessment

Mammadov R, Suleyman B, Akturan S, Cimen FK, Kurt N, Suleyman Z, Malkoc I

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the effect of lutein on methotrexate (MTX)-induced pulmonary toxicity in rats biochemically and histopathologically. METHODS: The rats in the MTX + lutein (MTXL, n =...
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The Effect of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Inhibitors on Uveitis in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis

Lee S, Park YJ, Lee JY

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors (TNFis), which are the main treatment for ankylosing spondylitis (AS), have been reported not only to reduce the incidence of anterior uveitis (AU) but...
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Inhibition of miRNA-222-3p Relieves Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B-Induced Liver Inflammatory Injury by Upregulating Suppressors of Cytokine Signaling 1

Zhang P, Yu J, Gui Y, Sun C, Han W

PURPOSE: Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) has been well-documented to induce liver injury. miRNA-222-3p (miR-222-3p) was implicated in SEB-induced lung injury and several liver injuries. This study aimed to explore the...
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TNFα Induces Multidrug Resistance-Associated Protein 4 Expression through p38-E2F1-Nrf2 Signaling in Obstructive Cholestasis

Lian W, Liu X, Chen W

PURPOSE: To explore the molecular mechanism of the upregulation of multidrug resistance-associated protein 4 (MRP4) in cholestasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mRNA and protein levels of MRP4 in liver samples from...
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Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Transplantation Inhibits Vascular Inflammatory Responses and Endothelial Dysfunction in Rats with Atherosclerosis

Fan M, Bai J, Ding T, Yang X, Si Q, Nie D

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) transplantation on atherosclerosis (AS) and its underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, rat AS model was...
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The Role of NF-κB in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps

Jung HJ, Zhang YL, Kim DK, Rhee CS, Kim DY

PURPOSE: Whereas the majority of nasal polyps observed in Western populations are eosinophilic, non-eosinophilic nasal polyps are significantly more frequent in Asian countries. Given the importance of nuclear factor-kappa B...
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Anti-inflammatory effect of remifentanil in lipopolysaccharide–stimulated amniotic epithelial cells

Kim CH, Jeong SS, Park SJ, Choi EJ, Kim YH, Ahn JH

BACKGROUND: Sometimes general anesthesia is required for dental surgery in pregnant women. Facial bone fractures or neck abscess should be treated immediately. Dental surgery, however, creates a stressful situation that...
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Vitamin D maintains E-cadherin intercellular junctions by downregulating MMP-9 production in human gingival keratinocytes treated by TNF-α

Oh C, Kim HJ, Kim HM

PURPOSE: Despite the well-known anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin D in periodontal health, its mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, the effect of vitamin D on strengthening...
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RE-ORGA, a Korean Herb Extract, Can Prevent Hair Loss Induced by Dihydrotestosterone in Human Dermal Papilla Cells

Kang MG, Park D, Han HY, Shim H, Hong Y, Moon J, Yoon S, Kwon B

BACKGROUND: Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is the most common type of hair loss. It is likely inherited genetically and is promoted by dihydrotestosterone. 5α-reductase has been proven a good target through...
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Is It Possible to Discontinue Tumor Necrosis Factor Antagonists after Psoriasis Remission?

Kim B, Maverakis , Raychaudhuri SP

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists are highly effective treatments for psoriasis. These agents provide the opportunity to improve disease activity and achieve clinical remission. Despite its efficacy, long-term use of...
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