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Usefulness of an Implantable Loop Recorder in Diagnosing Unexplained Syncope and Predictors for Pacemaker Implantation

Lee SH, Kim TH, Oh YS, Oh S, Choi JI, Kim JB, Nah JC, Im SI, Kang KW, Han S, Kim JS

BACKGROUND: An implantable loop recorder (ILR) is an effective tool for diagnosing unexplained syncope (US). We examined the diagnostic utility of an ILR in detecting arrhythmic causes of US and...
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Electrocardiogram and cardiac testing among patients in the emergency department with seizure versus syncope

White JL, Hollander , Pines JM, Mullins PM, Chang AM

OBJECTIVE: Cardiogenic syncope can present as a seizure. The distinction between seizure disorder and cardiogenic syncope can only be made if one considers the diagnosis. Our main objective was to...
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2018 KHRS guideline for the evaluation and management of syncope: Part 2

Kim YR, Chun KJ, Kim JS, Mun HS, Park J, Seo DW, Song MK, Ahn J, Yoon H, Lee DI, Lee YS, Cha MJ, Bae EJ, Kim DH

The general concept and initial approach to syncope patients has been mentioned in the general sections. This special sections have been described the characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment with patient education...
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2018 KHRS guideline for the evaluation and management of syncope: Part 1

Park J, Cha MJ, Kim DH, Kim YR, Mun HS, Bae EJ, Seo DW, Song MK, Ahn J, Yoon H, Lee YS, Chun KJ, Lee DI, Kim JS

Syncope is a very common symptom that occurs in all age groups, especially in adolescents and elderly people. The cause of syncope is very diverse, and patients with syncope visit...
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Prevalence of Operation Room-Related Syncope and Presyncope among Medical Students

Choi SJ, Park KH, Han KH, Park EY, Kim SH, Uh Y

Attending the operation room is an essential part of surgical clerkships. Syncope or presyncopal attacks in the operation room may negatively affect students' learning and career development. This study set...
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Use of stellate ganglion block for treatment of recurrent syncope followed by chest pain

Kim YU, Shin YJ, Cho YW

Syncope is defined as a transient loss of consciousness and postural tone, characterized by rapid onset, short duration, and spontaneous recovery. Stellate ganglion block (SGB) is a nerve block method...
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A single emergency center study on the Canadian Syncope Risk Score applied to a patients visited with syncope in Korea

Lee KW, Park YS, Choe MS, Je DW, Kim SH, Nho WY, Park HI, Shin SJ, Lee MJ, Ahn JY, Lee DE, Moon S, Lee SH

OBJECTIVE: Syncope is mostly benign, but it can also be caused by a life-threatening situation. In Korea, no studies have investigated application of the Canadian Syncope Risk Score (CSRS) to...
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Left Main Coronary Artery Stenosis Presenting as Syncope with Brugada Type Electrocardiography

Kim N, Bae MH

A 34-year-old man presented to the outpatient clinic with syncope for 1 minute when he was working. He had no past medical and family history of sudden cardiac death. Electrocardiography...
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Epicardial Fat Thickness is Correlated with Vagal Hyperactivity in Patients with Neurally-Mediated Syncope

Cho KI, Lee YS, Kim BK, Kim BJ, Kim KS

BACKGROUND: Epicardial fat tissue has unique endocrine and paracrine functions that affect the cardiac autonomic system. The head-up tilt test (HUTT) is a simple non-invasive measurement that assesses autonomic nervous...
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Role of emergency department observation units in the management of patients with unexplained syncope: a critical review and meta-analysis

Numeroso F, Mossini G, Lippi G, Cervellin

This meta-analysis aimed to establish the role of standardized emergency department (ED) observation protocols in the management of syncopal patients as an alternative to ordinary admission. A systematic electronic literature...
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Dizziness and Syncope Related with Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy

Yu TY, Lee DH

Dizziness is a common symptom in patients with diabetes mellitus; it can lead to or may be confused with presyncope or syncope. The causes of these three symptoms include various...
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Clinical Factors associated with Comorbid Cerebral Lesions in Syncope Patients

Chung JY, Kang HG, Choo IS, Kim HW, Kim JH, Ahn SH

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of syncope is related to the severity of the underlying disease, including cerebral disease, rather than of the syncope itself. The aim of this study was to...
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Type I Chiari malformation presenting orthostatic syncope who treated with decompressive surgery

Shin HS, Kim JA, Kim DS, Lee JS

Chiari malformations are a congenital anomaly of the hindbrain. The most common, Chiari malformation type I (CM-I), is characterized by herniation of the cerebellar tonsils extending at least 3 mm...
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Ventricular Tachycardia Associated Syncope in a Patient of Variant Angina without Chest Pain

Kim SJ, Juong JY, Park TH

A 68-year-old man was admitted for a syncope workup. After routine evaluation, he was diagnosed with syncope of an unknown cause and was discharged from the hospital. He was readmitted...
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Swallow Syncope following Chemoradiotherapy in a Patient with Lung Cancer

Jun JS, Choo IY, Jung HG, Kim R, Lee ST

Swallow or deglutition syncope is a rare cause of syncope. It occurs due to a vagal reflex while swallowing. We present here a patient with recurrent loss of consciousness after...
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Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia with Syncope Caused by Neurovascular Compression and Demonstration by High-Resolution MR Imaging: A Case Report

Lee S, Baek HJ

Glossopharyngeal neuralgia with syncope is a rare syndrome. It is characterized by paroxysms of neuralgic pain in the throat and pharynx, and is associated with transient loss of consciousness caused...
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External Validation Study of San Francisco Syncope Rule Based on Standardized Reporting Guidelines for Emergency Department Syncope Risk Stratification Research

Ye SY, Kwon OY, Lee JS, Choi HS, Hong HP, Ko YG

  • KMID: 2333717
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2014 Feb;25(1):23-34.
PURPOSE: We validated the performance of the San Francisco Syncope Rule (SFSR) for accurate identification of Korean emergency department (ED) syncope patients who will experience a short term serious outcome. METHODS:...
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A Case of Anomalous Left Coronary Artery Originating from the Right Sinus of the Valsalva Presenting with Syncope

Hahn DH, Koh HC, Hong JU, Park GS, Kim GJ, Park KD, Lee SC

Congenital anomalies of the coronary artery are associated with various symptoms including syncope, myocardial ischemia, and sudden cardiac death. The abnormality depends on the adjacent structure and pathway of the...
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Hyperventilation Induced Syncope: Differential Feature of Head-up Tilt Table Test with Transcranial Doppler in Patient with Hyperventilation Syndrome from True Syncope

Lee BS, Kwon SK, Lee SR, Park JW, Lee JJ

The causes of a transient loss of consciousness (TLOC) are divided into syncope, epileptic seizures, cerebrovascular diseases and functional disorders such as hyperventilation (HV) syndrome, psychogenic pseudosyncope. The differential diagnosis...
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A Retrospective Study for Validity of the Denver Seizure Score in Emergency Medical Care Center for Differential Diagnosis of Seizure and Syncope

Jung HC, Choi HS, Lee JS, Hong HP, Ko YG

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to validate the Denver seizure score (DSS) compared with a questionnaire and scoring system for symptoms pertaining to loss of consciousness (QSLOC) in...
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