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Posterior Correction of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with High-Density Pedicle Screw-Only Constructs: 5 Years of Follow-Up

Hwang CJ, Baik JM, Cho JH, Yoon SJ, Lee DH, Lee CS

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze radiological outcomes in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who underwent posterior correction with high-density pedicle screw-only constructs. We hypothesized that high-density pedicle screw-only...
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Happle-Tinschert Syndrome: A Case Report of Unilateral Segmentally Arranged Basaloid Follicular Hamartoma with Scoliosis and Review of Literature

Seo SH, Lee SE, Kim SC

Happle-Tinschert syndrome is a rare disease characterized by unilateral, segmentally arranged basaloid follicular hamartoma (BFH) with osseous, dental, and cerebral anomalies. Although BFH has been demonstrated to be associated with...
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Secondary Cervicothoracic Scoliosis in Congenital Muscular Torticollis

Kim JH, Yum TH, Shim JS

BACKGROUND: Although secondary cervicothoracic scoliosis frequently occurs in patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), the relationship between scoliosis and CMT has not been evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the...
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Comparison of the Effects of Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod and Tradiotinal Growing Rod Techniques on the Sagittal Plane in the Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis

Erdoğan S, Polat B, Atıcı Y, Özyalvaç ON, Öztürk C

OBJECTIVE: Comparing the effects of magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) and traditional growing rod (TGR) techniques on the sagittal plane in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis (EOS). METHODS: Twelve patients were...
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Minimum 2-Year Experience with Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods for the Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Systematic Review

Wu AM, Cheung JP, Cheung KM, Lin JL, Jin HM, Chen D, Wang XY, Zhao J, Kwan KY

Magnetically controlled growing rods have been used to treat early-onset scoliosis for the last 9 years; however, few studies have been published, with only short-term follow-up. The aim of the...
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Neural Axis Abnormalities in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Is Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging Indicated Irrespective of Curve Severity?

Fruergaard S, Ohrt-Nissen S, Dahl B, Kaltoft N, Gehrchen M

OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-verified neural axis abnormalities (NAAs) have been described in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and several risk factors have been associated with the presence of NAAs in...
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Prevalence of Thoracic Scoliosis in Koreans Using Simple Chest Radiography

Chang DG, Kim GU, Suk SI, Lim DJ, Oh IT, Nam KY, Kim JH, Kim YH, Ha KY

STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To provide reference data for the study and treatment of thoracic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: There have been no reports on the prevalence of thoracic...
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Etiology of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Literature Review

Kikanloo S, Tarpada SP, Cho W

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the peripubertal development of spinal curvature of a minimum of 10°. AIS is thought to be attributable to genetic factors, nutrition, early exposure to toxins,...
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APSS-ASJ Best Clinical Research Award: Is There a Difference between Patients' and Parents' Perception of Physical Appearance in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Chan CY, Gani SM, Lim MY, Chiu CK, Kwan MK

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PURPOSE: To compare Patients' and parents’ perceptions of physical attributes (PAs) of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and to report any correlations between their perceptions and Scoliosis...
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Correction of Single Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Using Pedicle Screw Instrumentation: Comparison of Stainless Steel to Titanium Alloy Instruments

Kim SS, Lim DJ, Kim JH, Choi BW, Kim HY, Lee JS

PURPOSE: To compare the results of two different instruments made of stainless steel and titanium alloy for correction of single thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using pedicle screw instrumentation. MATERIALS AND...
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Effect of Fascial Distortion Model on the Cobb's Angle in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis

Lee WJ

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of the fascial distortion model (FDM) method on Cobb's angle. METHODS: Fourteen subjects participated in this study. The idiopathic scoliosis group performed FDM treatments eight...
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Development of Novel Animal Model for Studying Scoliosis Using a Noninvasive Method and Its Validation through Gene-Expression Analysis

Banala RR, Vemuri SK, Penkulinti M, AV GR, GPV S

STUDY DESIGN: To induce scoliosis in young female Wistar rats using a noninvasive method and to validate this model. PURPOSE: To induce scoliosis in a rat model noninvasively by bracing and...
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Which Criterion Is More Reliable for Selecting the Distal Fusion Level in Cases of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with Structural Thoracolumbar/Lumbar Curves: Static or Dynamic?

Cho JH, Hwang CJ, Park JW, Lee DH, Lee CS

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVES: To compare the reliability of 2 criteria to predict the radiological outcomes of corrective surgery in cases of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with structural thoracolumbar/lumbar...
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The Effect of Bracing on Spinopelvic Rotation and Psychosocial Parameters in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis

Khoshhal Y, Jalali M, Babaee T, Ghandhari , Gum JL

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of bracing on spinopelvic rotation and psychosocial parameters in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Complex three-dimensional deformity in AIS is...
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Periapical Wires Result in Less Curve Correction Than Pedicle Screw Constructs in Idiopathic Scoliosis

Esposito V, Dial BL, Fitch RD, Lark RK

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare percent correction between apical and periapical pedicle screw (PS) and sublaminar wire constructs for Cobb correction and coronal...
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Pierre Robin sequence with severe scoliosis in an adult: A case report of clinical and radiological features

Kim JJ, Choi DS, Jang I, Cha BK, Park IW

Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction. PRS does not have a single pathogenesis, but rather is associated with multiple syndromes. This...
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Mid-length Pedicle Screws in Posterior Instrumentation of Scoliosis

Balikci T, Kıyak G, Heydar AM, Bawaneh MK, Bezer M

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis of collected data. PURPOSE: We determine the need for the use of mid-length pedicle screws (screws with 2.5-mm long increments) during posterior spinal instrumentation. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Many...
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Hooks at the Upper Instrumented Vertebra Can Adjust Postoperative Shoulder Balance in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: 5 Years or More of Follow-up

Kuroya S, Akazawa T, Kotani T, Sakuma T, Minami S, Torii Y, Umehara T, Iinuma M, Murakami K, Orita S, Inage K, Eguchi Y, Fujimoto K, Shiga Y, Nakamura J, Inoue G, Miyagi M, Saito W, Ohtori S, Niki H

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI) ≥5 years postoperatively in patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion using hooks at the upper...
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Intraoperative Halo-Femoral Traction in Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Curves between 70° and 90°: Is It Effective?

Erdem MN, Oltulu I, Karaca S, Sari S, Aydogan M

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical study. PURPOSE: To analyze the surgical outcomes of intraoperative halo-femoral traction (HFT) in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with Cobb angles between 70° and 90°...
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Cervical Supine Side-Bending versus Cervical Supine Traction Radiographs: Which Is Better in Predicting Proximal Thoracic Flexibility for Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Chiu CK, Bashir ES, Chan CY, Kwan MK

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PURPOSE: This study compared cervical supine side-bending (CSSB) and cervical supine traction (CST) radiographs to assess the flexibility and predict the correctability of the proximal thoracic...
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