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Vestibular Paroxysmia and Hemifacial Spasm by Vascular Compression

Jung I, Kwon DY

Vestibular Paroxysmia and facial spasm may be caused by vascular compression of the vestibular and facial root entry zone. We report a case of paroxysmal nystagmus accompanied by facial spasm...
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Post Infectious Cerebellar Ataxia with Abnormal Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Findings

Rha HJ, Park JH

A 84-year-old woman presented with a two weeks history of dizziness, slurred speech and ataxia. The neurological exam showed spontaneous left beating nystagmus, horizontal gaze evoked nystagmus and limb ataxia....
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A Patient with Sudden Hearing Loss with Vertigo Showing Exclusive Posterior Semicircular Canal Abnormality

Gu JW, Shin YG, Song MH, Shim DB

It is known that about 30% of patients with sudden hearing loss present with vertigo or dizziness. In clinical practice, this is called sudden hearing loss with vertigo (SHLV) although...
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Brain Hypometabolism in Cerebellar Ataxia, Neuropathy, Vestibular Areflexia Syndrome

Jeong BM, Shin BS, Seo MW, Park JY, Jeong HJ, Oh SY

Cerebellar ataxia with neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS) is a slowing progressive ataxic disorder characterized by bilateral vestibulopathy, cerebellar ataxia and somatosensory impairment. Autonomic dysfunction is recently considered as...
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Vertical One-and-a-Half Syndrome Accompanying Contralateral Abduction and Incomplete Depression Palsy Due to Thalamo-Mesencephalic Infarction

Lee WG, Kim MK, Yoo BG

Vertical gaze palsy is usually associated with lesions of the rostral midbrain and thalamo-mesencephalic junction. The rostral interstitial nucleus of the medial longitudinal fasciculus (riMLF), the interstitial nucleus of Cajal,...
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A Case of Recurrent Vertigo in Vestibular Schwannoma Treated with Chemical Labyrinthectomy

Lee SJ, Lee ES, Kim BG, Lee JD

Vestibular schwannoma (VS) can have various symptoms and almost half of the patients have balance problems. Some patients with VS can suffer from recurrent vertigo mimicking Meniere's disease. We present...
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Gaze-Evoked and Perverted Head-Shaking Nystagmus in a Patient with Polycythemia Vera

Kim YS, Song IC, Jeong SH, Lee AY, Kim JM

Polycythemia vera (PV) is well known chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm, caused by clonal expansion of an abnormal hematopoietic stem cell. Patients with PV may present diverse neurologic symptoms including headache, dizziness...
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Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Total or Divisional Vestibular Neuritis

Na S, Lee ES, Sung KB, Lee TK

OBJECTIVES: In vestibular neuritis (VN), the lesion preferentially affects the superior vestibular nerve because of the anatomic arrangement. It is well known that VN patients have a higher score of...
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Pseudo-Spontaneous Nystagmus and Head-Shaking Nystagmus in Horizontal Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Shin YG, Gu JW, Kang JW, Song MH, Shim DB

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical manifestations and significance of pseudo-spontaneous nystagmus (PSN) and head-shaking nystagmus (HSN) in horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HC-BPPV). METHODS:...
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Clinical Significance of Perverted Head-Shaking Nystagmus

Yang TH, Shin BS, Seo MW, Oh SY

OBJECTIVES: We investigated clinical significance of head shaking nystagmus (HSN) and perverted HSN (pHSN) in patients with peripheral and central vestibular disorders. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 822 consecutive subjects...
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What Is the Prognosis of Patients with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss?

Lee Y, Nam S

OBJECTIVES: Vertigo is considered a poor prognostic factor in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common cause of vertigo and may accompany...
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Significance of 125 Hz Pure-Tone Thresholds for Dizzy Patients with Low Frequency Sensorineural Hearing Loss

An YH, Shim HJ

OBJECTIVES: To measure 125 Hz pure-tone thresholds in patients with low frequency sensorineural hearing loss (LFHL) and vertigo and to evaluate the necessity of 125 Hz thresholds for assessment of...
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Anatomy and Physiology of the Autonomic Nervous System

Park BR

The autonomic nervous system (ANS) integrates the function of the internal organs for the homeostasis against various external environmental changes. The efferent components of the ANS are regulated by sensory...
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