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Heart and Brain Interaction of Psychiatric Illness: A Review Focused on Heart Rate Variability, Cognitive Function, and Quantitative Electroencephalography

Jung W, Jang KI, Lee SH

Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects beat-to-beat variability in the heart rate due to the dynamic interplay of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. HRV is considered an index of the...
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A pilot study on the role of autonomic function testing in predicting hypotension in patients undergoing cesarean section under spinal anesthesia

Kim H, An J, Kim E, Lee J, Son J, Woo K, Noh H

BACKGROUND: Maternal hypotension is a common complication during obstetric spinal anesthesia. This study was conducted to investigate the role of autonomic function testing in predicting maternal hypotension during spinal anesthesia...
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Reference ranges for autonomic function tests in healthy Korean adults

Park KH, Kim BJ, Kang SY, Oh SY, Sohn EH, Song KJ, Shin JH, Kang KH, Cho EB, Jeong H, Lee H, Kim HA, Kim RB, Park KJ

BACKGROUND: The standardized autonomic function test has become widely available. However, there are no reference data for this test for the Korean population. This study explored reference data for sudomotor...
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Heart Rate Variability Among Children With Acquired Brain Injury

Kim SW, Jeon HR, Kim JY, Kim Y

OBJECTIVE: To find evidence of autonomic imbalance and present the heart rate variability (HRV) parameters that reflect the severity of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) in children with acquired brain injury...
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Clinical Applications of Heart Rate Variability in Neurological Disorders

Jeong H, Park KJ

Heart rate variability (HRV) is a useful marker for predicting mortality and cardiovascular events in cardiac diseases. Various time- and frequency-domain parameters are used for assessing HRV. The time-domain measures...
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Neurophysiology of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux and Brainstem Reflex

Han BH, Hong KH

Laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) is different with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) possesses an intrinsic nervous plexus that allows the LES to have a considerable degree...
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Heart Rate Variability for Quantification of Autonomic Dysfunction in Fibromyalgia

Kang JH, Kim JK, Hong SH, Lee CH, Choi BY

OBJECTIVE: To quantify autonomic dysfunction in fibromyalgia patients compared to healthy controls using heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: Sixteen patients with fibromyalgia and 16 healthy controls were recruited in this case...
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Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction Caused by Seronegative Autoimmune Autonomic Ganglionopathy

Kim SH

Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy is a form of acquired autonomic failure affecting parasympathetic, sympathetic functions, usually affecting healthy young people. The disorder affects both sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, with acute...
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Heart Rate Variability and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

Kim TH, Kim JY

The analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has recently been established as a non-invasive measurement method for estimation of autonomic nervous system function in the cardiovascular system. HRV reflects the...
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Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neurotransmitter-Mediated Regulation of Penile Erection

Jung J, Jo HW, Kwon H, Jeong NY

  • KMID: 2232925
  • Int Neurourol J.
  • 2014 Jun;18(2):58-62.
Erectile dysfunction (ED) has an adverse impact on men's quality of life. Penile erection, which is regulated by nerves that are innervated into the erectile tissue, can be affected by...
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Heart rate variability as a predictor of hypotension after spinal anesthesia in hypertensive patients

Kweon TD, Kim SY, Cho SA, Kim JH, Kang YR, Shin YS

BACKGROUND: Hypotension is a common phenomenon after spinal anesthesia in hypertensive patients. We investigated whether heart rate variability could predict the occurrence of hypotension after spinal anesthesia in hypertensive patients. METHODS:...
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Two Cases of Increased Parasympathetic Nerve System in Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea as a Predominant Symptom

Kang EK, Choi JS

The irritable bowel syndrome(IBS) is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder, characterized by abdominal pain, bloating and bowel disturbance. The pathophysiology of IBS is very complicated. Recent studies indicate that the...
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Psychological Co-morbidity in Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: Epidemiology, Mechanisms and Management

Wu JC

  • KMID: 2325856
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2012 Jan;18(1):13-18.
Functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) is one of the commonest digestive diseases worldwide and leads to significant morbidity and burden on healthcare resource. The putative bio-psycho-social pathophysiological model for FGID underscores...
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Effects of Remifentanil, Esmolol, and Lidocaine Administered before a Tracheal Intubation on the Heart Rate Variability

Lee AR, Jin HC

  • KMID: 2317603
  • Soonchunhyang Med Sci.
  • 2011 Jun;17(1):16-20.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of remifentanil, esmolol, and lidocaine administered before a tracheal intubation on the autonomic nervous system using heart rate variability. METHODS: In...
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Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation developed during incomplete epidural anesthesia: A case report

Choi MJ, Shin HW, Choi SU, Park JY, Lee HW, Lim HJ, Yoon SM, Chang SH

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained tachyarrhythmia, and occurs in organic heart disease such as rheumatic, atherosclerotic and hypertensive heart disease. In recent studies, the sympathetic and parasympathetic...
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Alteration of Autonomic Function in Female Urinary Incontinence

Kim JC, Joo KJ, Kim JT, Choi JB, Cho DS, Won YY

  • KMID: 2232773
  • Int Neurourol J.
  • 2010 Dec;14(4):232-237.
PURPOSE: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and urge urinary incontinence (UUI) have different mechanisms of action. We believe that alteration of autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity may contribute to UUI because...
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The Relation between Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: An Analysis of Heart Rate Variability in Men with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

Kim IH, Kim JT, Lee SH, Kim SJ, Kim YS, Choi JB

  • KMID: 2311846
  • Korean J Urol.
  • 2009 May;50(5):475-479.
PURPOSE: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common, but their etiology and mechanism are still unclear. We believe that changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity may be contributory, because...
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The Heart Rate and ECG Changes after Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy in Patients with Primary Hyperhidrosis

Kim JJ, Kim YD, Park CB, Moon SW, Cho DG, Sa YJ, Seo JH, Kim CK

  • KMID: 1475317
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2009 Apr;42(2):214-219.
BACKGROUND: Primary focal hyperhidrosis is characterized by overactivity of the sympathetic nervous function, and this has been effectively treated with endoscopic thoracic sympathetic denervation (ESD). The imbalance of sympathetic and...
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Penile Erection during Transurethral Surgery : Case report and review of the literature

Won YJ, Hong JY

  • KMID: 1741600
  • Anesth Pain Med.
  • 2008 Apr;3(2):154-156.
Imbalance between sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems is generally considered an underlying mechanism for intraoperative erection, although local stimulation before complete sensory blockade can contribute to the problem. With the...
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Correlation and measurement between stress of mother and fetus using heart rate variability

Jeong YW, Song JH, Min JW, Park GH, Min KS

  • KMID: 2272818
  • Korean J Obstet Gynecol.
  • 2006 Apr;49(4):823-830.
OBJECTIVE: The maternal stress measurement from the heart rate variability and the fetal stress measurement from the fetal heart rate variability in non-stress test (NST) were conducted and the correlation...
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