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Relationships between Spinal Sarcopenia and Spinal Sagittal Balance in Older Women

Kim DH, Lee SY, Park SJ, Lee YS

BACKGROUND: Spinal sarcopenia is receiving renewed attention as a cause of spinal sagittal imbalance. However, the relationships between spinal sarcopenia and spinal sagittal balance (SSB) have not been thoroughly investigated....
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Cervical Spondylotic Amyotrophy: Case Series and Review of the Literature

Takahashi , Hanakita J, Minami M, Tomita Y, Sasagasako T, Kanematsu

OBJECTIVE: Cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA) is a relatively rare entity caused by cervical degenerative spinal diseases and characterized by motor weakness accompanied by remarkable muscle atrophy in the upper extremities...
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Cervical Spine Deformity Correction Techniques

Dru AB, Lockney DT, Vaziri S, Decker M, Polifka AJ, Fox WC, Hoh DJ

Cervical kyphotic deformity can be a debilitating condition with symptoms ranging from mechanical neck pain, radiculopathy, and myelopathy to impaired swallowing and horizontal gaze. Surgical correction of cervical kyphosis has...
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Posterior Surgical Techniques for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: WFNS Spine Committee Recommendations

Bajamal AH, Kim SH, Arifianto , Faris M, Subagio EA, Roitberg B, Udo-Inyang I, Belding J, Zileli M, Parthiban , World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) Spine Committee

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine and recommend the most up-to-date information on the indications, complications, and outcomes of posterior surgical treatments for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) on the...
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Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Fixation in Thoracolumbar Fractures: Comparison of Results According to Implant Removal Time

Oh HS, Seo HY

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether restoration of range of motion (ROM) could be achieved by implant removal after natural bone healing and consolidation of fractured...
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The Effects of Sagittal Spino-Pelvic Alignment on the Clinical Symptoms of Thoracolumbar Kyphosis in Osteoporotic Patients

Kim WJ, Song DG, Lee JW, Chang SH, Park KY, Kim YH, Ma SB, Choy WS

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of sagittal spino-pelvic alignment on the clinical symptoms of thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK; T10-L2 Cobb's angle >20°)...
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Comparison of the Effects of Magnetically Controlled Growing Rod and Tradiotinal Growing Rod Techniques on the Sagittal Plane in the Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis

Erdoğan S, Polat B, Atıcı Y, Özyalvaç ON, Öztürk C

OBJECTIVE: Comparing the effects of magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) and traditional growing rod (TGR) techniques on the sagittal plane in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis (EOS). METHODS: Twelve patients were...
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Outcomes of Non-Operative Management for Pseudarthrosis after Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomies at Minimum 5 Years Follow-Up

Kim YC, Kim KT, Kim CK, Hwang IY, Jin WY, Lenke LG, Cha JR

OBJECTIVE: Minimal data exist regarding non-operative management of suspected pseudarthrosis after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). This study reports radiographic and clinical outcomes of non-operative management for post-PSO pseudarthrosis at a...
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Minimum 2-Year Experience with Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods for the Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis: A Systematic Review

Wu AM, Cheung JP, Cheung KM, Lin JL, Jin HM, Chen D, Wang XY, Zhao J, Kwan KY

Magnetically controlled growing rods have been used to treat early-onset scoliosis for the last 9 years; however, few studies have been published, with only short-term follow-up. The aim of the...
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Influence of Atlantoaxial Fusion on Sagittal Alignment of the Occipitocervical and Subaxial spines in Os Odontoideum with Atlantoaxial Instability

Choi BW, Park JB, Kang JW, Kim DG, Chang H

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case analysis. PURPOSE: We hypothesized that larger the C1–C2 fusion angle, greater the severity of the sagittal malalignment of C0–C1 and C2–C7. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: In our experience, instances...
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Relationship between the Progression of Kyphosis in Thoracolumbar Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings

Jun DS, Baik JM, Kwon HM

PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between the progression of a kyphotic deformity and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in conservatively treated osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fracture patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This...
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Surgical Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures at Thoraco-Lumbar Levels: Only Pedicle Screw Constructs with Polymethylmethacrylate Augmentation

Jun DS, Baik JM, Park JH

PURPOSE: To investigate the radiological efficacy of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) augmentation of pedicle screw operation in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty OVCF patients, who underwent only posterior...
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Risk Factors of Allogenous Bone Graft Collapse in Two-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Woo JB, Son DW, Lee SH, Lee JS, Lee SW, Song GS

OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is commonly used surgical procedure for cervical degenerative disease. Among the various intervertebral spacers, the use of allografts is increasing due to its...
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Correlation of Cervical Disc Degeneration with Sagittal Alignments of Cervical Spine

Jeon DG, Park J, Park JH, Yun WH

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between cervical sagittal parameters and the degree of the cervical disc degeneration at each cervical level by using cervical plain radiographs and disc degeneration grading. METHOD:...
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Neural Axis Abnormalities in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Is Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging Indicated Irrespective of Curve Severity?

Fruergaard S, Ohrt-Nissen S, Dahl B, Kaltoft N, Gehrchen M

OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-verified neural axis abnormalities (NAAs) have been described in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and several risk factors have been associated with the presence of NAAs in...
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Multi-Rod Constructs Can Increase the Incidence of Iliac Screw Loosening after Surgery for Adult Spinal Deformity

Banno T, Hasegawa T, Yamato Y, Togawa D, Yoshida G, Kobayashi , Yasuda T, Arima H, Oe S, Mihara Y, Ushirozako H, Matsuyama

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of iliac screw loosening with a two-rod vs. multi-rod construct and the effect on clinical and radiographic outcomes after surgery for...
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The Effect of Schroth Therapy on Thoracic Kyphotic Curve and Quality of Life in Scheuermann's Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Bezalel T, Carmeli E, Levi D, Kalichman

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled single-blinded clinical trial. PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of Schroth therapy on thoracic curve angle, pain, and self-perceived body image (SPBI) of the back in Scheuermann's patients...
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Apical Vertebral Column Resection with Sagittal Rotation and Controlled Anterior Opening and Posterior Closing Maneuver for the Treatment of Severe Post-Tubercular Kyphosis: Case Series and Literature Review

Srivastava SK, Aggarwal R, Bhosale SK, Roy K, Nemade PS, Purohit S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PURPOSE: Describe the technique and evaluate the outcome of apical vertebral column resection (VCR) with sagittal rotation and anterior opening and posterior closing (AOPC) maneuver for...
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Comparative Radiographic Outcomes of Lateral and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion in the Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Kyphosis

Nakashima , Kanemura T, Satake K, Ishikawa Y, Ouchida J, Segi N, Yamaguchi , Imagama S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case–control study. PURPOSE: To compare surgical invasiveness and radiological outcomes between posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for degenerative lumbar kyphosis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...
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Use of Cement-Augmented Percutaneous Pedicular Screws in the Management of Multifocal Tumoral Spinal Fractures

Afathi M, Mansouri N, Farah K, Benichoux , Blondel B, Fuentes S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series observational study. PURPOSE: Cancer patients are often aged and are further weakened by their illness and treatments. Our goal was to evaluate the efficiency and safety...
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