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Anti-Inflammatory Effect for Atherosclerosis Progression by Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) Inhibitor in a Normoglycemic Rabbit Model

Lee SG, Lee SJ, Lee JJ, Kim JS, Lee OH, Kim CK, Kim D, Lee YH, Oh J, Park S, Jeon OH, Hong SJ, Ahn CM, Kim BK, Ko YG, Choi D, Hong MK, Jang Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate an anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory effect of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors in normoglycemic atherosclerotic rabbit model. METHODS: Male New Zealand white rabbits (n=26) were fed...
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A Prospective Observation of Psychological Distress in Patients With Anaphylaxis

Lee Y, Chang HY, Kim SH, Yang MS, Koh YI, Kang HR, Choi JH, Kim CW, Park HK, Kim JH, Nam YH, Kim TB, Hur GY, Jung JW, Park KH, Kim MA, Kim J, Yoon J, Ye YM

PURPOSE: Anaphylaxis is an immediate allergic reaction characterized by potentially life-threatening, severe, systemic manifestations. While studies have evaluated links between serious illness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), few have investigated...
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Effect of saccharin on inflammation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and the related mechanism

Kim HL, Ha AW, Kim WK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive intake of simple sugars induces obesity and increases the risk of inflammation. Thus, interest in alternative sweeteners as a sugar substitute is increasing. The purpose of this study...
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Can Calprotectin Show Subclinical Inflammation in Familial Mediterranean Fever Patients?

Asan G, Derin ME, DoÄŸan HO, Bayram M, Åžahin M, Åžahin A

BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease that has self-limiting inflammatory attacks during polyserositis. Hepcidin is a protein, and interleukin-6 stimulation increases hepcidin levels. Calprotectin (CLP) is a...
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Changes in plasma lipoxin A4, resolvins and CD59 levels after ischemic and traumatic brain injuries in rats

Jung JS, Kho AR, Lee SH, Choi BY, Kang SH, Koh JY, Suh SW, Song DK

Ischemic and traumatic brain injuries are the major acute central nervous system disorders that need to be adequately diagnosed and treated. To find biomarkers for these acute brain injuries, plasma...
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Lovastatin derivative dehydrolovastatin ameliorates ulcerative colitis in mice by suppressing NF-κB and inflammatory cytokine expression

Zhang X, Deng QH, Deng JH, Wang SJ, Chen Q

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with intestinal immune imbalance and inflammatory response. Because dehydrolovastatin (DLVT), a derivative of lovastatin, has been recently shown to inhibit inflammation and relieve immune arthritis...
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MiR-484 Protects Rat Myocardial Cells from Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury by Inhibiting Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 during Apoptosis

Liu H, Li S, Jiang W, Li Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To reveal the detail mechanism of miR-484 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury. METHODS: Rats model of MI/R injury was established based on control (Con; sham operate) group, ischemia-reperfusion...
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Urinary Biomarkers may Complement the Cleveland Score for Prediction of Adverse Kidney Events After Cardiac Surgery: A Pilot Study

Albert C, Haase M, Albert A, Kropf S, Bellomo R, Westphal S, Westerman , Braun-Dullaeus RC, Haase-Fielitz A

BACKGROUND: The ability of urinary biomarkers to complement established clinical risk prediction models for postoperative adverse kidney events is unclear. We assessed the effect of urinary biomarkers linked to suspected...
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The Identification of Immune-Related Plasma Proteins Associated with Spontaneous Preterm Delivery and Intra-Amniotic Infection in Women with Premature Cervical Dilation or an Asymptomatic Short Cervix

Park H, Hong S, Yoo HN, Kim YM, Lee SJ, Park KH

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate whether various immune-related plasma proteins, alone or in combination with conventional clinical risk factors, can predict spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD) and intra-amniotic infection in women...
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1,25-dihydroxy Vitamin D3 and Interleukin-6 Blockade Synergistically Regulate Rheumatoid Arthritis by Suppressing Interleukin-17 Production and Osteoclastogenesis

Kim H, Baek S, Hong SM, Lee J, Jung SM, Lee J, Cho ML, Kwok SK, Park SH

BACKGROUND: Immune cells express the vitamin (vit) D receptor, and vit D is a potent immune-modulator. A negative correlation between serum vit D levels and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity...
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Effect of Diquafosol on Hyperosmotic Stress-induced Tumor Necrosis Factor-α and Interleukin-6 Expression in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells

Kim YH, Yang IJ, Nguyen LT, Gum SI, Yu S, Lee GJ, Kim BA, Jung JC, Park YJ

PURPOSE: Diquafosol is a pharmaceutical drug used for dry eye treatment with a novel mechanism of action. It is a purinergic P2Y2 receptor agonist that promotes the secretion of tears...
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A Comparative Study of the Effect of Flaxseed Oil and Sunflower Oil on the Coagulation Score, Selected Oxidative and Inflammatory Parameters in Metabolic Syndrome Patients

Akrami A, Makiabadi , Askarpour , Zamani K, Hadi A, Mokari-Yamchi A, Babajafari S, Faghih S, Hojhabrimanesh A

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a chronic disease with inflammatory and hypercoagulable states. The current study aimed to compare the effects of flaxseed oil and sunflower oil consumption on the coagulation...
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Phytochemical Constituents of the Root Bark from Morus alba and Their Il-6 Inhibitory Activity

Chang YS, Jin HG, Lee H, Lee DS, Woo ER

Morus alba L., known as white mulberry, is a medicinal plant belongs to family Moraceae. It has long been used commonly in Ayurvedic for the treatment of lung-heat, cough, asthma,...
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Anticancer Activity of Tubulosine through Suppression of Interleukin-6-Induced Janus Kinase 2/Signal Transducer and Activation of Transcription 3 Signaling

Kim BH, Yi EH, Li YC, Park IC, Park JY, Ye SK

PURPOSE: The chemical structure of tubulosine has been known since the mid-1960s. However, little is known about its biological and pharmacological functions. The aim of this study was to investigate...
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Comparative study of liver injury induced by high-fat methionine- and choline-deficient diet in ICR mice originating from three different sources

Lee S, Kwak JH, Kim SH, Jeong TB, Son SW, Kim JH, Lim Y, Cho JY, Hwang DY, Kim KS, Jung YS

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the leading cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. It is characterized by the accumulation of lipids without alcohol intake and often progresses to non-alcoholic...
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Cytokine Production in Cholangiocarcinoma Cells in Response to Clonorchis sinensis Excretory-Secretory Products and Their Putative Protein Components

Pak JH, Lee JY, Jeon BY, Dai F, Yoo WG, Hong SJ

Clonorchis sinensis is a carcinogenic human liver fluke that promotes hepatic inflammatory environments via direct contact or through their excretory-secretory products (ESPs), subsequently leading to cholangitis, periductal fibrosis, liver cirrhosis,...
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The Effect of Saccharin on the Gene Expression of NF-κB and Inflammatory Cytokines in LPS-Stimulated SW480 Colon Cancer Cells

Choi H, Kim S, Kang H, Kim M, Kim W

There have been no published studies concerning the anti-inflammatory effects of corn silk on colon cancer cells. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of corn silk extract...
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Carpinus turczaninowii extract modulates arterial inflammatory response: a potential therapeutic use for atherosclerosis

Son YK, Yoon SR, Bang WY, Bae CH, Yeo JH, Yeo R, An J, Song J, Kim OY

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vascular inflammation is an important feature in the atherosclerotic process. Recent studies report that leaves and branches of Carpinus turczaninowii (C. turczaninowii) have antioxidant capacity and exert anti-inflammatory effects....
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Pro-Inflammatory Role of S1P₃ in Macrophages

Heo JY, Im DS

Sphingosine kinase 1 and its product, sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), as well as their receptors, have been implicated in inflammatory responses. The functions of receptors S1P₁ and S1P₂ on cell motility...
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Tocilizumab-induced Thrombocytopenia in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Lee JS, Oh JS, Hong S, Lee CK, Yoo B, Kim YG

OBJECTIVE: Interlukin-6 (IL-6) increases platelet count during inflammation and may act in a manner similar to thrombopoietin. Tocilizumab is a monoclonal antibody of the IL-6 receptor and widely used in...
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