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Implementation of Asthma Management Guidelines and Possible Barriers in Korea

Jo EJ, Kim MY, Kim SH, Kwon YE, Park HK, Cho SH, Chang YS

BACKGROUND: There could be a gap between asthma management guidelines and current practice. We evaluated the awareness of and compliance with asthma management guidelines, and the internal and external barriers...
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Combination of a pulmonary recruitment maneuver and intraperitoneal bupivacaine for the reduction of postoperative shoulder pain in gynecologic laparoscopy: a randomized, controlled trial

Cho M, Kim CJ, Hahm TS, Lee YY, Kim TJ, Lee JW, Kim BG, Bae DS, Choi CH

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a pulmonary recruitment maneuver using lower airway pressure (30 cm H2O) and intraperitoneal bupivacaine, alone or in combination, for reducing shoulder pain after gynecologic...
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Is radical surgery for clinical stage I right-sided colon cancer relevant? A retrospective review

Kwak HD, Ju JK, Yeom SS, Lee SY, Kim CH, Kim YJ, Kim HR

PURPOSE: Radical lymph node dissection for right-sided colon cancer is technically challenging. No clear guideline is available for surgical resection of clinical stage I right-sided colon cancer. This study was...
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Noise Level by Type in Adult Intensive Care Units of a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Korea

Yun SH, Choi HY, Lee SH, Peck EH, Yoo YS

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the actual noise conditions in adult Intensive Care Units (ICUs) according to type, time, day of the week, and area. METHODS: This study was conducted...
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Culture-Positive Spontaneous Ascitic Infection in Patients with Acute Decompensated Cirrhosis: Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens and Antibiotic Strategies

Liu J, Gao Y, Wang X, Qian Z, Chen J, Huang Y, Meng Z, Lu X, Deng G, Liu F, Zhang Z, Li H, Zheng X

PURPOSE: This study investigated multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens and antibiotic strategies of culture-positive spontaneous ascitic infection (SAI) in patients with acute decompensated cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 432 acute decompensated...
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Efficacy and Safety of High-Dose Atorvastatin in Moderate-to-High Cardiovascular Risk Postmenopausal Korean Women with Dyslipidemia

Moon J, Yoo S, Koh G, Min KW, Shin HH

OBJECTIVE: Postmenopausal women show a more atherogenic lipid profile and elevated cardiovascular risk compared to premenopausal women. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of...
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Effect of Low-Dose Nebivolol in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Multi-Center Observational Study

Sim DS, Hyun DY, Jeong MH, Kim HS, Chang K, Choi DJ, Han KR, Ahn TH, Bae JH, Choi SW, Park JS, Hur SH, Chae JK, Oh SK, Cha KS, Hwang JY

The optimal dose of beta blockers after acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains uncertain. We evaluated the effectiveness of low-dose nebivolol, a beta1 blocker and a vasodilator, in patients with acute...
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The Use of Inappropriate Antibiotics in Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units with Nursing Home–Acquired Pneumonia at a Korean Teaching Hospital

Kim DH, Kim HJ, Koo HW, Bae W, Park SH, Koo HK, Park HK, Lee SS, Kang HK

BACKGROUND: Use of appropriate antibiotics for the treatment of pneumonia is integral in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). Although it is recommended that empirical treatment regimens should be...
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A Nationwide Assessment of the “July Effect” and Predictors of Post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Sepsis at Urban Teaching Hospitals in the United States

Desai R, Patel U, Doshi S, Zalavadia , Siddiq W, Dave H, Bilal M, Khullar V, Goyal H, Desai M, Shah N

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To analyze the incidence of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) sepsis in the early (July to September) and later (October to June) academic months to assess the “July effect”. METHODS: The...
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Neural Correlates of Urinary Retention in Lateral Medullary Infarction

Prabhakar , Iqbal Ahmed AS, Vijayakrishnan Nair A, Mathew V, Aaron S, Sivadasan , Alexander

PURPOSE: The brainstem plays an important role in the control of micturition, and brainstem strokes are known to present with micturition dysfunction. Micturition dysfunction in cases of lateral medullary infarction...
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Performance Evaluation of Newly Developed Korean Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Panels for MicroScan System Using Clinical Isolates from Teaching Hospitals in Korea

Kang DY, Hong JS, Park BY, Jang IH, Kim D, Lee H, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistant continues to pose a threat to public health. Therefore, rapid and accurate antimicrobial susceptibility testing is very important. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the...
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Oxidative stress markers and lipid profiles of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome in a Nigerian tertiary hospital

Enechukwu , Onuegbu AJ, Olisekodiaka MJ, Eleje GU, Ikechebelu JI, Ugboaja JO, Amah UK, Okwara JE, Igwegbe AO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the activities of oxidative stress markers and lipid profiles of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, Nigeria. METHODS: This was a...
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Improved Survival of Cancer Patients Admitted to the Intensive Care Unit between 2002 and 2011 at a U.S. Teaching Hospital

Sauer CM, Dong J, Celi LA, Ramazzotti D

PURPOSE: Cancer patients are at increased risk of treatment- or disease-related admission to the intensive care unit. Over the past decades, both critical care and cancer care have improved substantially....
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What are the head computed tomography scan rates in children presenting with headache to an Australian community teaching hospital emergency department?

Klim S, Krieser D, Kelly AM

We aimed to determine head computed tomography (CT) scan rate in the children presenting with non-traumatic headache who visited an Australian community teaching hospital emergency department. This was a planned...
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The Concept of Academic Medicine and Its Potential Establishment in Korea

Han HC

The purpose of this study was to introduce the concept of academic medicine to the medical societies of Korea and to identify any potential obstacles in the establishment of academic...
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Unilateral cleft lip: evaluation and comparison of treatment outcome with two surgical techniques based on qualitative (subject/guardian and professional) assessment

Adetayo AM, Adetayo MO, Adeyemo WL, James OO, Adeyemi MO

OBJECTIVES: The outcomes of the treatment of unilateral cleft lip can vary considerably due to variations in repair techniques. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare treatment...
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Large Variation in Clinical Practice amongst Pediatricians in Treating Children with Recurrent Abdominal Pain

van Kalleveen MW, Noordhuis , Lasham C, Plötz FB

PURPOSE: To evaluate intra- and inter-observer variability and guideline adherence amongst pediatricians in treating children aged between 4 and 18 years referred with recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) without red flags. METHODS:...
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Preliminary Report of Seroprevalence of Anti-Measles Immunoglobulin G among Healthcare Workers of 6 Teaching Hospitals of Daegu, Korea in 2019

Chang HH, Kim SW, Kwon KT, Kim HI, Kim MJ, Ryu SY, Kim HA, Hur J, Kwon HH, Hong HL

The measles outbreak in Daegu of January 2019 made 6 teaching hospitals' organization test the measles immunity of their healthcare workers (HCWs). We found that 6,935 (75.9%) of 9,132 HCWs...
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Multidrug-Resistant, Gram-Negative Bacteria in Hospitalized Elderly Patients from Non-Hospital Long-Term Care Facilities

Kim M, Shin J, Jeong Y, Cho J, Choi JP

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We investigated the risk of multidrug-resistant, gram-negative bacteria (MDRGNB) in hospitalized elderly patients from non-hospital long-term care facilities (LTCFs) and the antibiotic prescription pattern. METHODS: All clinical cultures obtained within...
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Immunological Differences Between Right-Sided and Left-Sided Colorectal Cancers: A Comparison of Embryologic Midgut and Hindgut

Kwak HD, Ju JK

PURPOSE: There are known differences in embryology, clinical symptoms, incidences, molecular pathways involved, and oncologic outcomes of right-sided and left-sided colorectal cancers. However, immunologic study has only been characterized for...
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