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Role of IL-17A in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyp

Ryu G, Bae JS, Kim JH, Kim EH, Lyu L, Chung YJ, Mo JH

PURPOSE: Th17-associated inflammation is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp (CRSwNP), and is associated with disease severity and steroid resistance. Overexpressed interleukin (IL)-17A affects CRSwNP by tissue remodeling, eosinophilic...
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Luteolin attenuates migration and invasion of lung cancer cells via suppressing focal adhesion kinase and non-receptor tyrosine kinase signaling pathway

Masraksa W, Tanasawet , Hutamekalin P, Wongtawatchai T, Sukketsiri W

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Non-small cell lung cancer is mostly recognized among other types of lung cancer with a poor prognosis by cause of chemotherapeutic resistance and increased metastasis. Luteolin has been found...
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Eupatilin downregulates phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced MUC5AC expression via inhibition of p38/ERK/JNK MAPKs signal pathway in human airway epithelial cells

Cheon YH, Kim MS, Kim JY, Kim DH, Han SY, Lee JH

Chronic inflammatory airway diseases, such as chronic rhinosinusitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and asthma, are associated with excessive mucus production. Hence, the regulation of mucus production is important for the...
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Inhibition of melanogenesis by sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate

Kim JH, Oh CT, Kwon TR, Kim JH, Bak DH, Kim H, Park WS, Kim BJ

Sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (mesna) is a protective agent that is widely used in medicine because of its antioxidant effects. Recently, reactive oxygen species (ROS) were shown to increase pigmentation. Thus, ROS...
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Evaluation of Neo-Osteogenesis in Eosinophilic Chronic Rhinosinusitis Using a Nasal Polyp Murine Model

Khalmuratova R, Lee M, Park JW, Shin HW

PURPOSE: Osteitis refers to the development of new bone formation and remodeling of bone in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients; it is typically associated with eosinophilia, nasal polyps (NPs), and recalcitrant...
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Evidence for the Presence of Long-Lived Plasma Cells in Nasal Polyps

Zhang YN, Song J, Zhai GT, Wang H, Luo RZ, Li JX, Liao B, Ma J, Wang H, Lu X, Liu DB, Liu Z

PURPOSE: Plasma cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation in nasal polyps. During secondary immune responses, plasma cell survival and Ig...
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Effect of Diquafosol on Hyperosmotic Stress-induced Tumor Necrosis Factor-α and Interleukin-6 Expression in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells

Kim YH, Yang IJ, Nguyen LT, Gum SI, Yu S, Lee GJ, Kim BA, Jung JC, Park YJ

PURPOSE: Diquafosol is a pharmaceutical drug used for dry eye treatment with a novel mechanism of action. It is a purinergic P2Y2 receptor agonist that promotes the secretion of tears...
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Spatiotemporal expression of RCAN1 and its isoform RCAN1-4 in the mouse hippocampus after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus

Cho KO, Jeong KH, Cha JH, Kim SY

Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) can be induced by an intracellular calcium increase and oxidative stress, which are characteristic features of temporal lobe epilepsy. Thus, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression...
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Particulate Matter 2.5 Causes Deficiency in Barrier Integrity in Human Nasal Epithelial Cells

Xian M, Ma S, Wang K, Lou H, Wang Y, Zhang L, Wang C, Akdis CA

PURPOSE: The effect of air pollution-related particulate matter (PM) on epithelial barrier function and tight junction (TJ) expression in human nasal mucosa has not been studied to date. This study...
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Elastase-Positive Neutrophils Are Associated With Refractoriness of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps in an Asian Population

Kim DK, Kim JY, Han YE, Kim JK, Lim HS, Eun KM, Yang SK, Kim DW

PURPOSE: Various immune cells, including eosinophils and neutrophils, are known to contribute to the development of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). However, the current understanding of the role of...
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Kinesin Family Member 11 Enhances the Self-Renewal Ability of Breast Cancer Cells by Participating in the Wnt/β-Catenin Pathway

Pei YY, Li GC, Ran J, Wan XH, Wei FX, Wang L

PURPOSE: Our previous studies have shown that kinesin family member 11 (KIF11) is markedly overexpressed in human breast cancer cells or tissues and positively correlated with distant metastasis and prognosis...
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p90RSK Activation Promotes Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Cisplatin-Treated Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells

Jin Y, Heo KS

p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (p90RSK), one of the downstream effectors in ERK1/2 pathways, shows high expression in human breast cancer tissues. However, its role in breast cancer development and drug...
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Study of Recellularized Human Acellular Arterial Matrix Repairs Porcine Biliary Segmental Defects

Liu W, Zhang SN, Hu ZQ, Feng SM, Li ZH, Xiao SF, Wang HS, Li L

BACKGROUND: With the popularity of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, common bile duct injury has been reported more frequently. There is no perfect method for repairing porcine biliary segmental defects. METHODS: After the decellularization...
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Optimization of Microenvironments Inducing Differentiation of Tonsil-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells into Endothelial Cell-Like Cells

Oh SY, Choi DH, Jin YM, Yu Y, Kim HY, Kim G, Park YS, Jo I

BACKGROUND: Stem cell engineering is appealing consideration for regenerating damaged endothelial cells (ECs) because stem cells can differentiate into EC-like cells. In this study, we demonstrate that tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem...
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Evaluation of Polycaprolactone-Associated Human Nasal Chondrocytes as a Therapeutic Agent for Cartilage Repair

Kim DH, Lim MH, Jeun JH, Park SH, Lee W, Park SH, Kwon MY, Hwang SH, Kim SW

BACKGROUND: In this study, we manufactured a complex of human nasal septal cartilage (hNC) with polycaprolactone (PCL) for transplantation into cartilaginous skeletal defects and evaluated their characteristics. METHODS: Nasal septum tissue...
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Propofol Attenuates Hypoxia/Reoxygenation-Induced Apoptosis and Autophagy in HK-2 Cells by Inhibiting JNK Activation

Wang H, Peng X, Huang Y, Xiao Y, Wang Z, Zhan L

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether propofol could attenuate hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced apoptosis and autophagy in human renal proximal tubular cells (HK-2) by inhibiting JNK activation. MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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A Novel Effect of Lipids Extracted from Vernix Caseosa on Regulation of Filaggrin Expression in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Qiao W, Jia T, Gu H, Guo R, Kaku K, Wu W

BACKGROUND: Vernix caseosa (VC), which is known as a unique human substance, is a biofilm that covers the skin of most human newborns. VC has many biological functions including anti-infective,...
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Production of polyclonal antibody against kidney antigens: a model for studying autoantibody in feline chronic kidney diseases

Songaksorn N, Petsophonsakul W, Pringproa , Lampang KN, Sthitmatee N, Sriphawattana N, Thongkorn

Chronic kidney disease is considered to be most common in geriatric domestic cats. It has been reported that the feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia (FVRCP) vaccine prepared from the...
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Mouse Nerve Growth Factor Facilitates the Growth of Interspinal Schwannoma Cells by Activating NGF Receptors

Liu SY, Liu SZ, Li Y, Chen S

OBJECTIVE: Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a member of the neurotrophic factor family and plays a vital role in the physiological processes of organisms, especially in the nervous system. Many...
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Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Transplantation Inhibits Vascular Inflammatory Responses and Endothelial Dysfunction in Rats with Atherosclerosis

Fan M, Bai J, Ding T, Yang X, Si Q, Nie D

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) transplantation on atherosclerosis (AS) and its underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, rat AS model was...
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