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Significance of PD-L1 expression in carbon-ion radiotherapy for uterine cervical adeno/adenosquamous carcinoma

Iijima M, Okonogi N, Nakajima N, Morokoshi , Kanda H, Yamada T, Kobayashi , Banno K, Wakatsuki , Yamada S, Kamada T, Aoki D, Hasegawa S

OBJECTIVE: Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is expressed in tumor cells and has been shown to predict clinical outcomes of several types of malignancies. The aim of this study was...
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Flow Cytometry for the Diagnosis of Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: A Single Center Experience

Kwon WK, Choi S, Kim HJ, Huh HJ, Kang JM, Kim YJ, Yoo KH, Ahn K, Cho HK, Peck KR, Jang JH, Ki CS, Kang ES

PURPOSE: While there is an urgent need for diagnosis and therapeutic intervention in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs), current genetic tests have drawbacks. We retrospectively reviewed the usefulness of...
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1,25-dihydroxy Vitamin D3 and Interleukin-6 Blockade Synergistically Regulate Rheumatoid Arthritis by Suppressing Interleukin-17 Production and Osteoclastogenesis

Kim H, Baek S, Hong SM, Lee J, Jung SM, Lee J, Cho ML, Kwok SK, Park SH

BACKGROUND: Immune cells express the vitamin (vit) D receptor, and vit D is a potent immune-modulator. A negative correlation between serum vit D levels and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity...
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MicroRNA-10b Plays a Role in Bone Formation by Suppressing Interleukin-22 in Ankylosing Spondylitis

Park PR, Jo S, Jin SH, Kim TJ

OBJECTIVE: The microRNA (miR)-10b is the T helper (Th) 17 cell specific in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The interleukin (IL)-22, which is closely related to Th17 cells, has been...
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Curcumin Attenuates Acrolein-induced COX-2 Expression and Prostaglandin Production in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells

Lee SE, Park HR, Jeon S, Han D, Park YS

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is crucial to limiting vascular disease. Previously we reported that acrolein, a known toxin in tobacco smoke, might play an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis via...
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Bordetella bronchiseptica is a potent and safe adjuvant that enhances the antigen-presenting capability of dendritic cells

Lee YJ, Han Y, Joo HG

We previously demonstrated that Bordetella bronchiseptica (B. bronchiseptica) antigen (Ag) enhances the Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Ag-specific immune response. The focus of this study was whether acellular bacterin of B. bronchiseptica could...
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Autoimmune Hepatic Failure Following Acute Hepatitis A is Accompanied by Inflammatory Conversion of Regulatory T Cells

Leem G, Kim BK, Shin EC, Park JY

To evaluate the pathophysiology of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) following acute hepatitis A (AHA) in immunologic aspects, we performed multi-color flow cytometry with peripheral blood mononuclear cells of a patient who...
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Circulating MicroRNAs and T-Cell Cytokine Expression Are Associated With the Characteristics of Asthma Exacerbation

Wardzyńska A, Pawełczyk M, Rywaniak J, Kurowski M, Makowska J, Kowalski M

PURPOSE: Immunological mechanisms underlying asthma exacerbation have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of various asthma exacerbation traits with selected serum microRNA (miRNA)...
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JL1 Antigen Expression on Bone Marrow Lymphoma Cells from Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Kim MS, Park CJ, Cho YU, Jang S, Seo EJ, Park CS, Huh J, Im HJ, Seo JJ, Yoon DH, Suh C

BACKGROUND: JL1, a CD43 epitope and mucin family cell surface glycoprotein, is expressed on leukemic cells. An anti-JL1 antibody combined with a toxic substance can have targeted therapeutic effects against...
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Involvement of Up-regulation of Death Receptors and Bim in Hispolon-mediated TNF-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand Sensitization in Human Renal Carcinoma

Yun JM, Min KJ, Kwon TK

BACKGROUND: Hispolon has been shown to possess antitumor effects in various cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we evaluated the sensitizing effect of...
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Trifolium pratense induces apoptosis through caspase pathway in FaDu human hypopharynx squamous carcinoma cells

Lee SA, Park BR, Kim CS

Trifolium pratense leaves (red clover) has been used in Oriental and European folk medicine for the treatment of whooping cough, asthma, and eczema, and is now being used to treat...
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Biomarkers for Evaluating the Inflammation Status in Patients with Cancer

Guner A, Kim HI

Inflammation can be a causative factor for carcinogenesis or can result from a consequence of cancer progression. Moreover, cancer therapeutic interventions can also induce an inflammatory response. Various inflammatory parameters...
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Effects of Oxytocin on Cell Proliferation in a Corticotroph Adenoma Cell Line

Lim JS, Eom YW, Lee ES, Kwon HJ, Kwon JY, Choi J, Chung CH, Jo YS, Lee EJ

BACKGROUND: Oxytocin (OXT) has been reported to act as a growth regulator in various tumor cells. However, there is a paucity of data on the influence of OXT on cell...
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Anti-malarial Drugs Reduce Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation via Activation of AMPK and Inhibition of Smad3 Signaling

Lee H, Han JH, Kim S, Kim S, Cho DH, Woo CH

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 2 anti-malarial drugs, chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), on inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation both...
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Long Intergenic Non-Protein Coding RNA 665 Regulates Viability, Apoptosis, and Autophagy via the MiR-186-5p/MAP4K3 Axis in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Shan Y, Li P

PURPOSE: Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 665 (LINC00665) plays a vital role in the development of cancer. Its function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, remains largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The...
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miR-1301/TRIAP1 Axis Participates in Epirubicin-Mediated Anti-Proliferation and Pro-Apoptosis in Osteosarcoma

Yu L, Meng M, Bao Y, Zhang C, Gao B, Sa R, Luo W

PURPOSE: Epirubicin is one of the most effective drugs against osteosarcoma. miR-1301 is involved in the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma. Whether miR-1301 is responsible for the chemosensitivity of osteosarcoma...
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Pseudolaric acid B inhibits PAX2 expression through Wnt signaling and induces BAX expression, therefore promoting apoptosis in HeLa cervical cancer cells

Guan D, Li C, Lv X, Yang Y

OBJECTIVES: Pseudolaric acid B (PAB) has been shown to inhibit the growth of various tumor cells, but the molecular details of its function are still unknown. This study investigated the...
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Clonal Cell Proliferation in Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria: Evaluation of PIGA Mutations and T-cell Receptor Clonality

Park J, Kim M, Kim Y, Han K, Chung NG, Cho B, Lee SE, Lee JW

BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired pluripotent hematopoietic stem cell disorder associated with an increase in the number of glycosyl-phosphatidyl inositol (GPI)-deficient blood cells. We investigated PNH clonal...
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Flow Cytometric Analysis of T Cells in Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis

Park MS, Yoo IY, Kim HJ, Kim SH, Kim SJ, Cho D

BACKGROUND: T cell immunophenotypes in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) have been described. Downregulation of CD5 or CD7 on T cells has been reported in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive...
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Characterization of Human Dental Pulp Cells from Supernumerary Teeth by Using Flow Cytometry Analysis

You Y, Kim J, Shin J, Lee JH, Kim J

The aim of this study was to analyze cells from human dental pulp tissue of impacted supernumerary teeth as stem cells with flow cytometry. Human dental pulp cells from 15...
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