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A multiply split femoral nerve and psoas quartus muscle

Wong TL, Kikuta S, Iwanaga J, Tubbs RS

The femoral nerve is the largest branch of the lumbar plexus. It is normally composed of the ventral rami of spinal nerves L2 to L4. The psoas major has proximal...
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Zoster-associated limb paresis presenting as femoral neuropathy

Hwang I, Yun U, Bae H, Han JH, Ha SW, Kim DE

Zoster-associated limb paresis is a relatively uncommon complication of herpes zoster that is characterized by focal motor weakness. Awareness of this disorder is important to avoid unnecessary invasive investigations and...
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The Efficacy of Different Ropivacaine Concentrations (0.5%, 0.6%, vs . 0.75%) for Regional Nerve Block in Lower Extremity: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial

Kang DH, Kang C, Hwang DS, Song JH, Jang MG

PURPOSE: There have only been a few studies on optimal usage of injection material in the regional nerve block for lower extremity operations. The purpose of this study was to...
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A Comparison of the Results from Femoral Nerve Block Using Different Concentration of Ropivacaine after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Huh JW, Park MJ, Ko YC, Ha DJ, Park SH, Park TH, Park JH

PURPOSE: Peripheral nerve block is one of the many options available to reduce pain after total knee arthroplasty. Among the various kinds of peripheral nerve block procedure, femoral nerve block...
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Femoral Nerve Palsy due to Noninfectious Iliopsoas Bursitis and Hematoma after Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Case Report

Seo JS, Youm JW, Kim SM

Femoral nerve palsy after total hip arthroplasty is an uncommon complication. We present a case report of delayed-onset femoral nerve palsy associated with iliopsoas hematoma and bursitis 10 years after...
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Low concentration continuous femoral nerve block improves analgesia and functional outcomes after total knee arthroplasty in spinal anesthesia

So HY, Choi YS, Kim SR

BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with severe pain postoperatively. Femoral nerve block is commonly used for pain control after TKA. This study investigated whether continuous femoral nerve block...
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Comparison of the Effect of Continuous Femoral Nerve Block and Adductor Canal Block after Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty

Seo SS, Kim OG, Seo JH, Kim DH, Kim YG, Park BY

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effects of femoral nerve block and adductor canal block on postoperative pain, quadriceps strength, and walking ability after primary total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Between...
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Delayed Recovery of Motor Block Following Radiofrequency Ablation of Varicose Veins with Femoral Nerve Block and Tumescent Anesthesia

Jun MR, Kim YE, Yoon SC, Kim MG

Femoral nerve block with tumescent anesthesia is used to perform the radiofrequency ablation of varicose veins. The surgery can be done as day-case. But if recovery from motor block is...
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Femoral Nerve Block versus Adductor Canal Block for Analgesia after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Koh IJ, Choi YJ, Kim MS, Koh HJ, Kang MS, In Y

Inadequate pain management after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) impedes recovery, increases the risk of postoperative complications, and results in patient dissatisfaction. Although the preemptive use of multimodal measures is currently...
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The Effect of Perineural Administration of Dexmedetomidine on Narcotic Consumption and Pain Intensity in Patients Undergoing Femoral Shaft Fracture Surgery; A Randomized Single-Blind Clinical Trial

Memary E, Mirkheshti A, Dabbagh A, Taheri M, Khadempour A, Shirian S

Dexmedetomidine is a selective α-2 adrenoceptor agonist with anxiolytic, sedative, and analgesic properties that prolongs analgesia and decreases opioid-related side effects when used in neuraxial and perineural areas as a...
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A comparison of continuous femoral nerve block combined with sciatic nerve block and epidural analgesia for postoperative pain management after total knee replacement

Park SJ, Shim SY, Park SG

BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia (EPA) has been used for postoperative pain control in total knee replacement (TKR). However, many patients have suffered various side effects after epidural blockade. Peripheral nerve block...
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Neurogenic pathways in remote ischemic preconditioning induced cardioprotection: Evidences and possible mechanisms

Aulakh AS, Randhawa P, Singh N, Jaggi AS

Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is an intrinsic phenomenon whereby 3~4 consecutive ischemia-reperfusion cycles to a remote tissue (noncardiac) increases the tolerance of the myocardium to sustained ischemiareperfusion induced injury. Remote...
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Comparative Effects of Periarticular Multimodal Drug Injection and Single-Shot Femoral Nerve Block on Pain Following Total Knee Arthroplasty and Factors Influencing Their Effectiveness

Nakagawa S, Arai Y, Inoue H, Kan H, Hino M, Ichimaru S, Ikoma K, Fujiwara H, Amaya F, Sawa T, Kubo T

PURPOSE: This study compared the analgesic effects of local infiltration analgesia (LIA) and femoral nerve block (FNB) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and assessed factors associated with analgesia obtained by...
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Can bedside patient-reported numbness predict postoperative ambulation ability for total knee arthroplasty patients with nerve block catheters?

Mudumbai S, Ganaway T, Kim TE, Howard SK, Giori NJ, Shum C, Mariano ER

BACKGROUND: Adductor canal catheters offer advantages over femoral nerve catheters for knee replacement patients because they produce less quadriceps muscle weakness; however, applying adductor canal catheters in bedside clinical practice...
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In-plane three-step needle insertion technique for ultrasound-guided continuous femoral nerve block after total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective review of 488 cases

Shin HJ, Soh JS, Lim HH, Joo B, Lee HW, Lim HJ

BACKGROUND: Continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) improves postoperative analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy and complications of our in-plane...
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The Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Lower Extremity Nerve Block in Trauma Patients

Kwon SM, Oh JR, Shin JS

PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of ultrasound-guided lower extremity nerve block in trauma patients. METHODS: From July 2013 to April 2014, 17 patients with multiple trauma had lower extremity nerve block...
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Usefulness of Ultrasound-Guided Lower Extremity Nerve Blockade in Surgery for Patellar Fracture

Kim YM, Kang C, Joo YB, Yeon KU, Kang DH, Park IY

PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of ultrasound-guided nerve blockade in patellar fracture surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients who underwent metal fixation under ultrasound-guided lower extremity blockade after diagnosis of patellar...
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Comparison of Continuous Epidural Analgesia, Patient-Controlled Analgesia with Morphine, and Continuous Three-in-One Femoral Nerve Block on Postoperative Outcomes after Total Hip Arthroplasty

Tetsunaga , Sato T, Shiota N, Tetsunaga , Yoshida M, Okazaki Y, Yamada K

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain relief can be achieved with various modalities. However, there are only few reports that have analyzed postoperative analgesic techniques in total hip arthroplasty patients. The aim of...
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Ultrasound-guided Nerve Block for Skin Grafting on Large Diabetic Ulcer of Foot and Leg: A Technical Report

Song JH, Kang C, Hwang DS, Hwang JM

Skin grafting is often required for diabetic ulcerative foot lesions. In skin grafting, effective regional or local anesthesia into the donor and recipient areas plays a significant role in continuous...
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Ultrasound-guided femoral and sciatic nerve blocks combined with sedoanalgesia versus spinal anesthesia in total knee arthroplasty

Akkaya A, Tekelioglu UY, Demirhan A, Ozturan KE, Bayir H, Kocoglu H, Bilgi M

BACKGROUND: Although regional anesthesia is the first choice for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA), it may not be effective and the risk of complications is greater in patients who...
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