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Human Bocavirus Infection in Adults: Clinical Features and Radiological Findings

Lee HN, Koo HJ, Kim SH, Choi SH, Sung H, Do KH

OBJECTIVE: Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a newly identified pathogen that can cause upper and lower respiratory infections usually in children; however, its clinical characteristics and significance in respiratory infections in...
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Proportion of Aspiration Pneumonia Cases Among Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Single-Center Study in Korea

Jeon I, Jung GP, Seo HG, Ryu JS, Han TR, Oh BM

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of aspiration pneumonia cases among patients with community-acquired pneumonia in Korea. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with community-acquired pneumonia who had been admitted to the...
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Clinical Characteristics and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Trends in Citrobacter Bacteremia: An 11-Year Single-Center Experience

Lee R, Choi SM, Jo SJ, Lee J, Cho SY, Kim SH, Lee DG, Jeong HS

BACKGROUND: Recently, Citrobacter freundii bacteremia outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit has attracted public attention in Korea. However, Citrobacter bacteremia is uncommon and usually occurs in patients with underlying...
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The changes of prevalence and etiology of pediatric pneumonia from National Emergency Department Information System in Korea, between 2007 and 2014

Shin EJ, Kim Y, Jeong JY, Jung YM, Lee MH, Chung EH

PURPOSE: Understanding changes in pathogen and pneumonia prevalence among pediatric pneumonia patients is important for the prevention of infectious diseases. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of children younger than 18 years...
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Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

Song DS

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is defined as bacterial infections that occur in patients with cirrhosis and ascites without any significant intraperitoneal infection, accounting for approximately 10–30% of bacterial infections in...
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Guideline for Antibiotic Use in Adults with Community-acquired Pneumonia

Lee MS, Oh JY, Kang CI, Kim ES, Park S, Rhee CK, Jung JY, Jo KW, Heo EY, Park DA, Suh GY, Kiem S

Community-acquired pneumonia is common and important infectious disease in adults. This work represents an update to 2009 treatment guideline for community-acquired pneumonia in Korea. The present clinical practice guideline provides...
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A Case of Community-acquired Bacteremic Empyema Caused by Kocuria kristinae

Kim KY, Cho JH, Yu CM, Lee KJ, Lee JM, Koh S, Kwon M, Jeong D

Kocuria kristinae, part of the normal flora of the skin and oral mucosa, is seldom reported as a human pathogen; infection is mostly associated with immunocompromised patients in healthcare facilities....
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Changing trends in clinical characteristics and antibiotic susceptibility of Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia

Hyun M, Noh CI, Ryu SY, Kim HA

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Klebsiella pneumoniae is second most common organism of gram-negative bacteremia in Korea and one of the most common cause of urinary tract infection, and intra-abdominal infection. METHODS: We compared clinical...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibilities of Enterobacteriaceae in Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections during a 5-year Period: A Single Hospital Study in Korea

Park JJ, Seo YB, Lee J

BACKGROUND: Through investigating antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Enterobacteriaceae in community-acquired urinary tract infection (CA-UTI), we provide basic evidence for the use of empirical antibiotics in CA-UTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively...
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Community-onset Necrotizing Fasciitis Caused by Extended-spectrum Beta-lactamase-producing Eshcerichia coli

Jang JH, Kim CW, Kim SY, Park YJ, Seo MJ, Kim SA

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is an uncommon but fatal infectious disorder that rapidly destroys connective tissue, causing extensive necrosis, severe sepsis, multiple organ failure, and death. NF is more common in...
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Sphingomonas Paucimobilis: A Rare Infectious Agent Found in Cerebrospinal Fluid

Göker T, Aşık RZ, Yılmaz MB, Çelik I, Tekiner A

Sphingomonas paucimobilis (S. paucimobilis) is a gram negative bacillus. It has existed in soil, drinking water and plants. It has been isolated from distilled water tanks, respirators, and hemodialysis devices...
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Predictive Factors of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection in Elderly Patients with Community-Onset Pneumonia

Jwa H, Beom JW, Lee JH

BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is a severe and life-threatening disease in patients with community-onset (CO) pneumonia. However, the current guidelines lack specificity for a screening test for MRSA...
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Antimicrobial Resistance and Clinical Outcomes in Nursing Home-Acquired Pneumonia, Compared to Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Kang YS, Ryoo SR, Byun SJ, Jeong YJ, Oh JY, Yoon YS

PURPOSE: Patients with nursing home-acquired pneumonia (NHAP) should be treated as hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) according to guidelines published in 2005. However, controversy still exists on whether the high mortality of...
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National Trends of Antimicrobial Resistance in Uncomplicated Cystitis

Choe HS, Lee SJ

Acute uncomplicated cystitis is a common bacterial infection of the urinary bladder in women. Antibiotic resistance against Escherichia coli is increasing nationwide in Korea; therefore, we reviewed the local available...
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Increase of Clostridium difficile in Community; Another Worrisome Burden for Public Health

Kim YA, Rim JH, Choi MH, Kim H, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) have been reported mainly in Europe and North America; however, only limited reports have originated in Korea. The current epidemiology of CDI...
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Community-acquired Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia Complicated by Acute Cholecystitis

Park JH, Kim YJ, Shin SH, Lee SA, Kim MJ, Chang HH, Kim SW

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) bacteremia is an uncommon infection in Korea. Typically, staphylococcal bacteremia is associated with various metastatic infections, such as multiple liver and spleen abscesses, infectious spondylitis,...
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Use of cefuroxime for women with community-onset acute pyelonephritis caused by cefuroxime-susceptible or -resistant Escherichia coli

Chang UI, Kim HW, Wie SH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Efforts to decrease the use of extended-spectrum cephalosporins are required to prevent the selection and transmission of multi-drug resistant pathogens, such as extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae. The objectives of...
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Clinical characteristics of nursing home-acquired pneumonia in elderly patients admitted to a Korean teaching hospital

Koh SJ, Lee JH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nursing home-acquired pneumonia (NHAP) is included under healthcare-associated pneumonia. However, the optimal treatment strategy for NHAP has been controversial in several studies. We evaluated the clinical features of NHAP...
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Comparison of Second- and Third-Generation Cephalosporin as Initial Therapy for Women with Community-Onset Uncomplicated Acute Pyelonephritis

Chang UI, Kim HW, Wie SH

PURPOSE: This study examined the clinical effectiveness of parenteral cefuroxime and cefotaxime as empirical antibiotics for treating hospitalized women with uncomplicated acute pyelonephritis (APN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was based...
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Infective endocarditis involving an apparently structurally normal valve: new epidemiological trend?

Song JK

Infective endocarditis (IE) has been increasingly diagnosed in patients without previously detected predisposing heart disease, but its clinical features have yet to be fully determined. A recent single-center study including...
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