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Serotyping and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Salmonella Isolated in Korea in 2015

Kim SH, Park EH, Hwang IY, Lee H, Song SA, Lee M, Lee S, Kim SY, Kim JJ, Shin JH, Hong SG, Shin KS, Kim S, Ryoo NH, Lee W, Jang SJ, Shin JH

BACKGROUND: Salmonella is an important pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and sepsis in humans. Recently, changes in serotype prevalence and an increase in antimicrobial resistance have been reported. This study investigated...
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Management of Typhoid Fever – Clinical and Historical Perspectives in Korea

Chang MS, Woo JH, Kim S

Typhoid fever, showed a dramatic decrease in its incidence from 56 per 100,000 population just after Korea's independence to
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Genetic Analysis of Campylobacter jejuni Isolated from Diarrhea Patients in Busan

Park SH, Kim BJ, Kwon YH, Hwang IY, Sung GH, Park EH, Jin SH

BACKGROUND: Campylobacter jejuni is an important food-borne pathogen that causes human gastroenteritis. This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of isolation, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, and C. jejuni genotype from...
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Hematopoiesis Activity of Sambucus javanica on Chloramphenicol-induced Aplastic Anemia Mouse Model

Putra WE, Rifa'i M

Hematopoiesis has a pivotal role in the maintenance of body homeostasis. Ironically, several hematological disorder caused by chemicals, drugs, and other environmental factors lead to severe bone marrow failure. Current...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Anaerobic Bacterial Clinical Isolates From 2014 to 2016, Including Recently Named or Renamed Species

Byun JH, Kim M, Lee Y, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Anaerobic bacterial resistance trends may vary across regions or institutions. Regional susceptibility patterns are pivotal in the empirical treatment of anaerobic infections. We determined the antimicrobial resistance patterns of...
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Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Bacillus anthracis strains isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017

Manzulli V, Fasanella , Parisi A, Serrecchia L, Donatiello A, Rondinone , Caruso M, Zange S, Tscherne A, Decaro N, Pedarra C, Galante D

Anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis, is a non-contagious infectious disease that affects a wide range of animal species (primarily ruminants) including humans. Due to the often-fatal outcome in humans, quick...
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Prevalence, toxin gene profile, antibiotic resistance, and molecular characterization of Clostridium perfringens from diarrheic and non-diarrheic dogs in Korea

Chon JW, Seo KH, Bae D, Park JH, Khan S, Sung K

Clostridium perfringens causes diarrhea and other diseases in animals and humans. We investigated the prevalence, toxin gene profiles, and antibiotic resistance of C. perfringens isolated from diarrheic dogs (DD) and...
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Preparation of Drug Eluting Natural Composite Scaffold Using Response Surface Methodology and Artificial Neural Network Approach

Shera SS, Sahu S, Banik RM

Silk fibroin/xanthan composite was investigated as a suitable biomedical material for controlled drug delivery, and blending ratios of silk fibroin and xanthan were optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) and...
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Antimicrobial resistance of Stx2e positive Escherichia coli before and after ban on antibiotic growth promoters

Do KH, Byun JW, Lee WK

The emergence of antimicrobial resistant Escherichia (E.) coli is a major problem in pig farms. To tackle this issue, in July 2011, the Korean government banned the use of antimicrobials...
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Effects of clarithromycin treatment in scrub typhus in children: comparison with chloramphenicol and azithromycin

Lee M, Kim J, Jo DS

PURPOSE: Chloramphenicol and tetracycline are not recommended for treating scrub typhus in pediatric patients because of potential side effects, such as aplastic anemia or tooth discoloration. While clarithromycin has recently...
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Throat Carriage Rate and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus pyogenes In Rural Children in Argentina

Delpech G, Sparo M, Baldaccini B, Pourcel G, Lissarrague S, García Allende L

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic carriers of group A β-hemolytic streptococci (GAS) in children living in a rural community and to investigate...
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Correlation between Infective Factors and Antibiotic Resistance in Enterococci Clinical Isolates in West of Iran

Arabestani MR, Nasaj M, Mousavi SM

The present study was done to scrutinize the possible relation between infective genes and antimicrobial resistance in Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium. Considering the fact that the presence of recognized...
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Antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Eucalyptus globulus against fish pathogenic bacteria

Park JW, Wendt M, Heo GJ

The antibacterial activities of the essential oil of Eucalyptus globulus (EOEG) was determined against 7 fish pathogenic bacteria (Edwardsiella tarda, Streptococcus iniae, S. parauberis, Lactococcus garviae, Vibrio harveyi, V. ichthyoenteri...
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Multicenter Study of Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Anaerobic Bacteria in Korea in 2012

Lee Y, Park YJ, Kim MN, Uh Y, Kim MS, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Periodic monitoring of regional or institutional resistance trends of clinically important anaerobic bacteria is recommended, because the resistance of anaerobic pathogens to antimicrobial drugs and inappropriate therapy are associated...
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Characterization of Mucoid and Non-Mucoid Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolated From Outpatients

Ogihara S, Saito R, Akikura T, Iwama A, Adachi Y, Kaji D, Kakinuma K, Takahashi

BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae causes pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of mucoid and non-mucoid isolates of S. pneumoniae, and to explore the relationship between...
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Characterization of Salmonella spp. Clinical Isolates in Gyeongsangbuk-do Province, 2012 to 2013

Kweon OG, Kim JS, Kim GO, Lee CI, Jeong KH, Kim J

BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones are important antimicrobials for treating invasive salmonellosis, and emerging resistance to these antimicrobials is of paramount concern. METHODS: A total of 30 Salmonella spp. clinical isolates...
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Comparison between Source-induced Dissociation and Collision-induced Dissociation of Ampicillin, Chloramphenicol, Ciprofloxacin, and Oxytetracycline via Mass Spectrometry

Lee SH, Choi DW

  • KMID: 2317823
  • Toxicol Res.
  • 2013 Jun;29(2):107-114.
Mass spectrometry (MS) is a very powerful instrument that can be used to analyze a wide range of materials such as proteins, peptides, DNA, drugs, and polymers. The process typically...
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Mycoflora of Soybeans Used for Meju Fermentation

Kim DH, Kim SH, Kwon SW, Lee JK, Hong SB

  • KMID: 2312695
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2013 Jun;41(2):100-107.
Diverse fungi are present in Korean traditional meju and they are known to play an important role in fermented soybean products. To determine the origin of the fungi in meju,...
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Contamination of Slippers in Operating Room by Dermatophytes and Effect of Antifungal Agent (Terbinafine) Disinfection

Chung KH, Park JS, Chung H, Jun JB, Bang YJ

  • KMID: 2243033
  • Korean J Med Mycol.
  • 2012 Sep;17(3):168-175.
BACKGROUND: It is known that floor, clothes, shoes and slippers of common uses are the sources of infection by dermatophytes. However there hasn't been any report about the culture of...
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Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized Using Soil Fungi of High Altitudes of Eastern Himalaya

Devi LS, Joshi SR

  • KMID: 2408209
  • Mycobiology.
  • 2012 Mar;40(1):27-34.
Fifty three fungi isolated from soils of different microhabitats of eastern Himalayan range (3,400~3,600 msl) were screened for mycosynthesis of silver nanaoparticles (AgNPs) and their efficacy as antimicrobials were assessed...
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