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Association Between Serum Bilirubin and the Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes

Lee I, Lee HH, Cho Y, Choi YJ, Huh BW, Lee BW, Kang ES, Park SW, Cha BS, Lee EJ, Lee YH, Huh KB

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This observational study included 1,381 subjects with...
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Presence of Carotid Plaque Is Associated with Rapid Renal Function Decline in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Normal Renal Function

Seo DH, Kim SH, Song JH, Hong S, Suh YJ, Ahn SH, Woo JT, Baik SH, Park Y, Lee KW, Kim YS, Nam M, on Behalf of the KNDP Study Group

BACKGROUND: Recent evidences indicate that early rapid renal function decline is closely associated with the development and progression of diabetic kidney disease. We have investigated the association between carotid atherosclerosis...
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Analysis of ¹⁸F-Fluorodeoxyglucose and ¹⁸F-Fluoride Positron Emission Tomography in Korean Stroke Patients with Carotid Atherosclerosis

Kim JM, Lee ES, Park KY, Seok JW, Kwon OS

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze uptake patterns and intensity of ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and ¹⁸F-sodium fluoride (NaF) radioligands in carotid atheroma among stroke patients according to carotid...
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Effect of Niacin on Carotid Atherosclerosis in Patients at Low-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol Goal but High Lipoprotein (a) Level: a 2-Year Follow-Up Study

Song S, Lee CJ, Oh J, Park S, Kang SM, Lee SH

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of niacin on the progression of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with high level of lipoprotein (Lp) (a). METHODS: Patients at low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol goal but...
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Selective Shunting Based on Dual Monitoring with Electroencephalography and Stump Pressure for Carotid Endarterectomy

Lee J, Lee S, Kim SW, Chang JW

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to analyze postoperative outcomes for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in addition to the preoperative clinical characteristics related to selective shunting based on dual monitoring...
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Symptomatic Bilateral Carotid Artery Occlusion: An Uncommon Pattern of Carotid Pathology

Maltezos C, Anastasiadou C, Papapetrou A, Galyfos G, Sachmpazidis I, Papacharalampous G

We report an unusual case of an 83-year-old man who was admitted with dizziness and repeated drop attacks. He was diagnosed with bilateral carotid artery occlusion and he underwent a...
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Recent Advances in Primary and Secondary Prevention of Atherosclerotic Stroke

Tsivgoulis G, Safouris A, Kim DE, Alexandrov AV

Atherosclerosis is a major cause of ischemic stroke that can be effectively prevented with appropriate lifestyle modifications and control of cardiovascular risk factors. Medical advances in recent years along with...
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ApoB/ApoA-I ratio is independently associated with carotid atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus with well-controlled LDL cholesterol levels

Jun JE, Choi YJ, Lee YH, Kim DJ, Park SW, Huh BW, Lee EJ, Jee SH, Hur KY, Choi SH, Huh KB

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate whether the apolipoprotein (Apo) B/ApoA-I ratio is associated with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects with low density lipoprotein...
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Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach of Carotid and Cerebrovascular Plaque on the Basis of Vessel Imaging

Lee DH, Park JH

Atherosclerosis, characterized by chronic systemic inflammation with plaque formation, is one of the major causes of cerebrovascular disease. Recent advances in imaging technologies can help further understand the overall process...
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Carotid Atherosclerosis and Electrocardiographic Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in the General Population: The Namwon Study

Kim NH, Shin MH, Kweon SS, Ko JS, Lee YH

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis and left ventricular hypertrophy on electrocardiogram (ECG-LVH) on adults living in the community. A total of 9,266 adults who participated...
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Dual Monitoring with Stump Pressure and Electroencephalography During Carotid Endarterectomy

Chang JW, Kim SW, Lee S, Lee J, Ku MJ

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative monitoring during carotid endarterectomy is crucial for cerebral protection. We investigated the results of carotid endarterectomy under dual monitoring with stump pressure and electroencephalography. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the...
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Retrograde Suction Decompression with an Inahara Carotid Shunt for Clipping a Large Distal Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm

Park YS, Nam TK

We describe a technique to clip a large internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm via a retrograde suction decompression (RSD). A large aneurysm in the right distal ICA involving the bifurcation...
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Attitudes and preferences for the clinical management of hypertension and hypertension-related cerebrovascular disease in the general practice: results of the Italian hypertension and brain survey

Tocci G, Cicero AF, Salvetti M, Musumeci M, Ferrucci A, Borghi C, Volpe M

BACKGROUND: The aim of this survey was to evaluate attitudes and preferences for the clinical management of hypertension and hypertension-related cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) in Italy. METHODS: A predefined 16-item survey questionnaire...
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Is Carotid Artery Ultrasound Still Useful Method for Evaluation of Atherosclerosis?

Kim GH, Youn HJ

Carotid ultrasound is an imaging modality that allows non-invasive assessment of vascular anatomy and function. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) has been shown to predict cardiovascular (CV) risk in multiple large...
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Diagnostic vascular ultrasonography with the help of color Doppler and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography

Rübenthaler J, Reiser M, Clevert DA

The use of ultrasonography and especially of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the diagnosis of vascular pathologies before and after interventions has significantly increased over the past years due to the...
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Association between the Gensini Score and Carotid Artery Stenosis

Avci A, Fidan S, Tabakçı , Toprak C, Alizade E, Acar E, Bayam E, Tellice M, Naser A, Kargın R

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the extent of coronary artery disease assessed by the Gensini score and/or the SYNTAX score and...
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Regional MRI Diffusion, White-Matter Hyperintensities, and Cognitive Function in Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia

Altamura C, Scrascia F, Quattrocchi CC, Errante Y, Gangemi E, Curcio G, Ursini F, Silvestrini M, Maggio P, Beomonte Zobel B, Rossini PM, Pasqualetti P, Falsetti L, Vernieri F

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An increase in brain water diffusivity as measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been recently reported in normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) in patients affected by cognitive...
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Assessment of Carotid Diffusion-Weighted Imaging for Detection of Lipid-Rich Necrotic Core in Symptomatic Carotid Atheroma

Lee KJ, Kwak HS, Chung GH, Hwang SB, Song JS

PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) compared with contrast-enhanced MR imaging for the detection of the lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) of symptomatic carotid atherosclerotic plaques. MATERIALS...
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Selective Carotid Shunting Based on Intraoperative Transcranial Doppler Imaging during Carotid Endarterectomy: A Retrospective Single-Center Review

Cho JW, Jeon YH, Bae CH

BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with selective shunting is the surgical method currently used to treat patients with carotid artery disease. We evaluated the incidence of major postoperative complications in patients...
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Predictive value of CHADS2 score for cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome and documented coronary artery disease

Kang IS, Pyun WB, Shin GJ

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The CHADS2 score, used to predict the risk of ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, has been reported recently to predict ischemic stroke in patients with coronary heart...
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