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Combination of a pulmonary recruitment maneuver and intraperitoneal bupivacaine for the reduction of postoperative shoulder pain in gynecologic laparoscopy: a randomized, controlled trial

Cho M, Kim CJ, Hahm TS, Lee YY, Kim TJ, Lee JW, Kim BG, Bae DS, Choi CH

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a pulmonary recruitment maneuver using lower airway pressure (30 cm H2O) and intraperitoneal bupivacaine, alone or in combination, for reducing shoulder pain after gynecologic...
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Effect of bupivacaine on postoperative pain and analgesics use after single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy: double-blind randomized study

Ha HK, Lee KG, Choi KK, Kim WS, Cho HR

PURPOSE: Local anesthetics can decrease postoperative pain after appendectomy. This study sought to verify the efficacy of bupivacaine on postoperative pain and analgesics use after single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA). METHODS: Between...
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An in vivo study comparing efficacy of 0.25% and 0.5% bupivacaine in infraorbital nerve block for postoperative analgesia

Saha A, Shah S, Waknis P, Aher S, Bhujbal P, Vaswani V

BACKGROUND: Pain is an unpleasant sensation ranging from mild localized discomfort to agony and is one of the most commonly experienced symptoms in oral surgery. Usually, local anesthetic agents and...
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Comparison of the immediate hemodynamic changes induced by unilateral and bilateral spinal anesthesia in hypertensive elderly patients

Cho WJ, Yun SH, Oh JH, Lee K, Kim HJ

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the frequency of hypotension and immediate hemodynamic changes induced by unilateral and bilateral spinal anesthesia in hypertensive elderly patients. METHODS: Forty hypertensive...
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Small dose of naloxone as an adjuvant to bupivacaine in intrapleural infiltration after thoracotomy surgery: a prospective, controlled study

Amer AF, Omara AF

BACKGROUND: Severe pain always develops after thoracotomy; intrapleural regional analgesia is used as a simple, safe technique to control it. This study was performed to evaluate whether a small dose...
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Sequential intrathecal injection of fentanyl and hyperbaric bupivacaine at different rates: does it make a difference? A randomized controlled trial

Hussien RM, Rabie AH

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that sequential intrathecal injection of fentanyl and hyperbaric bupivacaine for cesarean section (CS) anesthesia provides a superior anesthetic effect than use of bupivacaine alone, and...
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Programmed intermittent epidural bolus as compared to continuous epidural infusion for the maintenance of labor analgesia: a prospective randomized single-blinded controlled trial

Fidkowski , Shah S, Alsaden MR

BACKGROUND: Programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) techniques are a new area of interest for maintaining labor analgesia due to the potential to decrease motor block and improve labor analgesia. This...
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Resistance to local anesthesia in people with the Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes presenting for dental surgery

Schubart J, Schaefer E, Janicki P, Adhikary S, Schilling , Hakim AJ, Bascom R, Francomano CA, Raj SR

BACKGROUND: People with the Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS), a group of heritable disorders of connective tissue, often report experiencing dental procedure pain despite local anesthetic (LA) use. Clinicians have been uncertain...
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The impact of caudally administrated tramadol on immune response and analgesic efficacy for pediatric patients: a comparative randomized clinical trial

Sayed JA, Abd Elshafy SK, Kamel EZ, Fathy Riad MA, Mahmoud AA, Khalaf GS

BACKGROUND: Immune responses appear to be affected by anesthetics and analgesics. We investigated the effects of caudal tramadol on the postoperative immune response and pain management in pediatric patients. METHODS: Sixty...
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Intrathecal levobupivacaine versus bupivacaine for inguinal hernia surgery: a randomized controlled trial

Singh A, Gupta A, Datta PK, Pandey M

BACKGROUND: Levobupivacaine is an attractive alternative to racemic bupivacaine for spinal anesthesia due to the lower potential for cardio-toxicity and faster recovery profile. This study was designed to compare isobaric...
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The effects of adjuvant intrathecal fentanyl on postoperative pain and rebound pain for anorectal surgery under saddle anesthesia

Shim SM, Park JH, Hyun DM, Jeong EK, Kim SS, Lee HM

BACKGROUND: Intrathecal opioid has been known to enhance the quality and prolong the duration of spinal anesthesia, as well as to reduce postoperative pain. The purpose of this study was...
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Let's Take Advantage of Mixtures of Bupivacaine or Ropivacaine in Urologic Inguinal and Scrotal Surgery

Shin YS, Doo AR, Park JK

No abstract available.
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Effects of bilateral superficial cervical plexus block on sevoflurane consumption during thyroid surgery under entropy-guided general anesthesia: a prospective randomized study

Kannan S, Surhonne N, R CK, B K, D DR, R S RR

BACKGROUND: Bilateral superficial cervical plexus block (BSCPB) provides good postoperative analgesia, but its effect on anesthetic consumption is unknown. This study evaluated the effects of BSCPB on sevoflurane consumption during...
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Comparative study of levobupivacaine and bupivacaine for bilateral maxillary nerve block during pediatric primary cleft palate surgery: a randomized double-blind controlled study

Mostafa MF, Herdan R, Elshazly M

BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate are common major congenital anomalies. Cleft palate (CP) repair causes pain and needs large doses of intravenous opioids. The risk of postoperative airway obstruction or...
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Pain alleviation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery; presternal local anesthetic and magnesium infiltration versus conventional intravenous analgesia: a randomized double-blind study

Kamel EZ, Abd-Elshafy SK, Sayed JA, Mostafa MM, Seddik MI

BACKGROUND: Magnesium is one of the effective, safe local anesthetic adjuvants that can exert an analgesic effect in conditions presenting acute and chronic post-sternotomy pain. We studied the efficacy of...
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The safety of a mixture of bupivacaine and lidocaine in children after urologic inguinal and scrotal surgery

Lee K, Chung JM, Lee SD

PURPOSE: Local anesthetic agents such as bupivacaine and lidocaine are commonly used after surgery for pain control. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the safety of a...
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Does Subcutaneous Infiltration of Liposomal Bupivacaine Following Single-Level Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion Surgery Improve Immediate Postoperative Pain Control?

Tomov M, Tou K, Winkel R, Puffer R, Bydon M, Nassr A, Huddleston P, Yaszemski , Currier B, Freedman B

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study using prospectively collected data. PURPOSE: Evaluate the impact of liposomal bupivacaine (LB) on postoperative pain management and narcotic use following standardized single-level low lumbar transforaminal lumbar...
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Comparison of 4 mg dexamethasone versus 8 mg dexamethasone as an adjuvant to levobupivacaine in fascia iliaca block-a prospective study

Acharya R, Sriramka B, Panigrahi

BACKGROUND: To compare the effects of adding two different doses of dexamethasone on the duration and quality of the fascia iliaca block in patients undergoing proximal femoral fracture surgery. METHODS: A...
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Port site infiltration of local anesthetic after laparoendoscopic single site surgery for benign adnexal disease

Kim JE, Shim SH, Dong M, Lee H, Hwang HS, Kwon HS, Lee SJ, Lee JY, Sohn IS, Kim SN, Kang SB

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether local bupivacaine injection into the incision site after gynecologic laparoendoscopic single site surgery (LESS) improves postoperative pain. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included consecutive 158 patients who...
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Comparing epidural surgical anesthesia and spinal anesthesia following epidural labor analgesia for intrapartum cesarean section: a prospective randomized controlled trial

Yoon HJ, Do SH, Yun YJ

BACKGROUND: The conversion of epidural labor analgesia (ELA) to epidural surgical anesthesia (ESA) for intrapartum cesarean section (CS) often fails, resulting in intraoperative pain. Spinal anesthesia (SA) can provide a...
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