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Reflex and Spontaneous Movements in Adult Patients during the Process of Determining Brain Death in Korea

Kim DH, Kwon OY, Yang TW, Kim M, Lee J, Cho W, Yeom JS, Kim YS

BACKGROUND: Brain death is a clinical diagnosis that implies irreversible loss of function of the entire brain, including the brainstem and both hemispheres. Based on previous reports, it is not...
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Neural Correlates of Urinary Retention in Lateral Medullary Infarction

Prabhakar , Iqbal Ahmed AS, Vijayakrishnan Nair A, Mathew V, Aaron S, Sivadasan , Alexander

PURPOSE: The brainstem plays an important role in the control of micturition, and brainstem strokes are known to present with micturition dysfunction. Micturition dysfunction in cases of lateral medullary infarction...
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Promising Neuroimaging Biomarkers in Depression

Lai CH

The neuroimaging has been applied in the study of pathophysiology in major depressive disorder (MDD). In this review article, several kinds of methodologies of neuroimaging would be discussed to summarize...
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Intradural Transpetrosectomy for Petrous Apex Meningiomas

Han S, Zhang XH, Han DH, Jin YC

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the surgical results of the intradural transpetrosectomy for petrous apex meningiomas (PAMs). In addition, we describe the methods and techniques used to expose and...
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Memantine Attenuates Salicylate-induced Tinnitus Possibly by Reducing NR2B Expression in Auditory Cortex of Rat

Jang CH, Lee S, Park IY, Song A, Moon C, Cho GW

Memantine, a noncompetitive antagonist of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, suppresses the release of excessive levels of glutamate that may induce neuronal excitation. Here we investigated the effects of memantine on...
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The Effect of Daily Low Dose Tadalafil on Cerebral Perfusion and Cognition in Patients with Erectile Dysfunction and Mild Cognitive Impairment

Choi JB, Cho KJ, Kim JC, Kim CH, Chung YA, Jeong HS, Shim YS, Koh JS

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of daily low-dose tadalafil on cognitive function and to examine whether there was a change in cerebral blood flow...
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Correlation between Auditory Brainstem Response Characteristics and Hearing Recovery in Sudden Deafness

Lim EJ, Shin J, Kim TH, Park JH, Kim S

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Auditory brainstem response (ABR) can be utilized to verify the hearing threshold and determine the existence of retrocochlear pathology in sudden deafness. However, little is known about...
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Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring during Microvascular Decompression Surgery for Hemifacial Spasm

Park SK, Joo BE, Park K

Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is due to the vascular compression of the facial nerve at its root exit zone (REZ). Microvascular decompression (MVD) of the facial nerve near the REZ is...
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Effects of Residual Hearing on the Auditory Steady State Response for Cochlear Implantation in Children

Kim YS, Han SA, Woo H, Suh MW, Lee JH, Oh SH, Park MK

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aim to explore the effects of residual auditory steady state response (ASSR) on cochlear implantation (CI) outcomes in children lacking auditory brainstem responses (ABRs). SUBJECTS AND METHODS:...
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Parkinson's Disease: The Emerging Role of Gut Dysbiosis, Antibiotics, Probiotics, and Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

Dutta SK, Verma S, Jain V, Surapaneni BK, Vinayek R, Phillips L, Nair PP

  • KMID: 2454635
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Jul;25(3):363-376.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm19044
The role of the microbiome in health and human disease has emerged at the forefront of medicine in the 21st century. Over the last 2 decades evidence has emerged to...
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Initial absence of N20 waveforms from median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials in a patient with cardiac arrest and good outcomes

Habeych ME, Moshayedi , Rittenberger JC, Gunn SR

A 34-year-old male was brought to the hospital with a chest gunshot wound. Pulseless upon arrival, blood pressure was absent for 10 minutes. A thoracotomy resulted in return of spontaneous...
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Auto-segmentation of head and neck organs at risk in radiotherapy and its dependence on anatomic similarity

Ayyalusamy A, Vellaiyan , Subramanian S, Ilamurugu , Satpathy S, Nauman M, Katta G, Madineni A

PURPOSE: The aim is to study the dependence of deformable based auto-segmentation of head and neck organs-at-risks (OAR) on anatomy matching for a single atlas based system and generate an...
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Lethal Cardiac Complications in a Long-Term Survivor of Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 1

Cho MJ

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare neuromuscular disease characterized by degeneration of the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord and motor nuclei in the lower brainstem, resulting in...
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Gait Ignition Failure in JNPL3 Human Tau-mutant Mice

Jang H, Ryu JH, Shin KM, Seo NY, Kim GH, Huh YH, Pae AN, Lee KJ

Cognitive impairments and motor dysfunction are commonly observed behavioral phenotypes in genetic animal models of neurodegenerative diseases. JNPL3 transgenic mice expressing human P301L-mutant tau display motor disturbances with age- and...
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Anti-Ma2-Associated Encephalitis with Axonal Sensorimotor Polyneuropathy

Song JM, Kwon S, Kim J, Kim BJ, Min JH

Anti-Ma2-associated encephalitis is one of the paraneoplastic limbic and brainstem encephalitis characterized by decreased consciousness, parkinsonism and the limitation of vertical eye movement. It is usually associated with non-small cell...
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Diagnostic Clues for Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection: Association with Newborn Hearing Screening Tests

Kim J, Lee YK, Ko SY, Shin SM

PURPOSE: To investigate clinical markers for the diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and determine the correlation between abnormal newborn hearing screening results and asymptomatic congenital CMV infection. METHODS: Medical records...
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Asymptomatic Hearing Impairment Frequently Occurs in Early-Onset Parkinson's Disease

Shetty K, Krishnan S, Thulaseedharan JV, Mohan M, Kishore A

OBJECTIVE: Recent reports of hearing impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD) have suggested that auditory dysfunction could be a non-motor manifestation of PD. These reports were based on observations of elderly...
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Effect of Ginkgo Biloba Extract on N-Methyl-D-Aspartic Acid Receptor Subunit 2B Expression in a Salicylate-Induced Ototoxicity Model

Lee SY, Han SY, Shim YJ, Han JJ, Cho D, Kim JE, Kim YH

OBJECTIVES.: Sodium salicylate (SS) is well known for its ototoxic properties that induce functional and morphological changes in the cochlea and brain. Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) has been widely used...
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Hyperbilirubinemia and Follow-up Auditory Brainstem Responses in Preterm Infants

Nam GS, Kwak SH, Bae SH, Kim SH, Jung J, Choi JY

OBJECTIVES.: Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is considered one of the most common causative factors of hearing loss. Preterm infants are more vulnerable to neuronal damage caused by hyperbilirubinemia. This study aimed to...
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Conjugate Eye Deviation in Unilateral Lateral Medullary Infarction

Teufel J, Strupp M, Linn J, Kalla R, Feil K

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The initial diagnosis of medullary infarction can be challenging since CT and even MRI results in the very acute phase are often negative. METHODS: A retrospective, observer-blinded study...
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