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History of Migraine and Volume of Brain Infarcts: The Italian Project on Stroke at Young Age (IPSYS)

Giuli VD, Besana M, Grassi M, Zedde M, Zini A, Lodigiani , Marcheselli S, Cavallini , Micieli G, Rasura M, DeLodovici ML, Tomelleri , Checcarelli N, Chiti A, Giorli E, Sette MD, Tancredi L, Toriello A, Braga M, Morotti A, Poli L, Caria F, Gamba M, Patella R, Spalloni A, Simone AM, Pascarella R, Beretta S, Fainardi E, Padovani A, Gasparotti R, Pezzini A, the Italian Project on Stroke in Young Adults (IPSYS) Investigators

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Migraine has been shown to increase cerebral excitability, promote rapid infarct expansion into tissue with perfusion deficits, and result in larger infarcts in animal models of focal...
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The Role of Double Inversion Recovery Imaging in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Choi NY, Park S, Lee CM, Ryu CW, Jahng GH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate if double inversion recovery (DIR) imaging can have a role in the evaluation of brain ischemia, compared with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)...
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Initial Experience of ACE68 Reperfusion Catheter in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke Related to Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion

Jang HG, Park JS, Lee JM, Kwak HS

OBJECTIVE: Penumbra ACE68 reperfusion catheter is a new large bore aspiration catheter used for reperfusion of large vessel occlusion. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of...
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Fully Automatic Segmentation of Acute Ischemic Lesions on Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Using Convolutional Neural Networks: Comparison with Conventional Algorithms

Woo I, Lee A, Jung SC, Lee H, Kim N, Cho SJ, Kim D, Lee J, Sunwoo L, Kang DW

OBJECTIVE: To develop algorithms using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for automatic segmentation of acute ischemic lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and compare them with conventional algorithms, including a thresholding-based segmentation. MATERIALS...
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Efficacy of Combining Proximal Balloon Guiding Catheter and Distal Access Catheter in Thrombectomy with Stent Retriever for Anterior Circulation Ischemic Stroke

Kim SH, Choi JH, Kang MJ, Cha JK, Kim DH, Nah HW, Park HS, Kim SH, Huh JT

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated efficacy of combining proximal balloon guiding catheter (antegrade flow arrest) and distal access catheter (aspiration at the site of occlusion) in thrombectomy for anterior circulation ischemic stroke. METHODS:...
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C3a Receptor Inhibition Protects Brain Endothelial Cells Against Oxygen-glucose Deprivation/Reperfusion

Ahmad S, Kindelin A, Khan SA, Ahmed M, Hoda MN, Bhatia K, Ducruet AF

The complement cascade is a central component of innate immunity which plays a critical role in brain inflammation. Complement C3a receptor (C3aR) is a key mediator of post-ischemic cerebral injury,...
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Predicting the Outcome of Critically Ill Children and Adolescents with Electroencephalography

Lee S, Ko A, Sol IS, Kim KW, Kang HC, Lee JS, Kim HD, Kim SH

PURPOSE: Electroencephalography (EEG) is an effective test in predicting severe cortical dysfunction associated with poor outcomes in adult patients, but its value in pediatric patients remains incomplete. Here, we assessed...
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Hemorrhagic Moyamoya Disease : A Recent Update

Fujimura M, Tominaga T

Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a progressive cerebrovascular disease with unknown etiology, characterized by bilateral stenoocclusive changes at the terminal portion of the internal carotid artery and an abnormal vascular network...
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Persistent Malfunction of Glymphatic and Meningeal Lymphatic Drainage in a Mouse Model of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Pu T, Zou W, Feng W, Zhang Y, Wang L, Wang H, Xiao M

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a devastating cerebrovascular event that often is followed by permanent brain impairments. It is necessary to explore the pathogenesis of secondary pathological damages in order to...
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Restorative Mechanism of Neural Progenitor Cells Overexpressing Arginine Decarboxylase Genes Following Ischemic Injury

Kim JY, Kim JY, Kim JH, Jung H, Lee WT, Lee JE

Cell replacement therapy using neural progenitor cells (NPCs) following ischemic stroke is a promising potential therapeutic strategy, but lacks efficacy for human central nervous system (CNS) therapeutics. In a previous...
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Platycarya strobilacea leaf extract protects mice brain with focal cerebral ischemia by antioxidative property

Lee JH, Jeong JH, Jeong YG, Kim DK, Lee NS, Na CS, Doh ES, Han SY

The leaf extract of Platycarya strobilacea (PSL) has long been recognized as possessing various health-promoting activities. However, information on its possible protective effects against ischemic stroke is currently lacking. Here,...
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Neuregulin 1/ErbB4 signaling attenuates neuronal cell damage under oxygen-glucose deprivation in primary hippocampal neurons

Yoo JY, Kim HB, Yoo SY, Yoo HI, Song DY, Baik TK, Lee JH, Woo RS

The hippocampus is one of the most important brain areas of cognition. This region is particularly sensitive to hypoxia and ischemia. Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) has been shown to be able to...
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Correlation between Carotid Arterial Calcium Score and Silent Cerebrovascular Lesions in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: by Using Upper Airway CT and Brain MRI

Kim MS, Kang EJ, Bae WY, Kim JK, Kim CH, Choi JH, Kim SH, Kim DY, Lee KN

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between carotid arterial calcium score (CarACS) and silent cerebrovascular lesions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved retrospective evaluation of...
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S1P₁ Regulates M1/M2 Polarization toward Brain Injury after Transient Focal Cerebral Ischemia

Gaire BP, Bae YJ, Choi JW

M1/M2 polarization of immune cells including microglia has been well characterized. It mediates detrimental or beneficial roles in neuroinflammatory disorders including cerebral ischemia. We have previously found that sphingosine 1-phospate...
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Resveratrol modulates the Akt/GSK-3β signaling pathway in a middle cerebral artery occlusion animal model

Park DJ, Kang JB, Shah FA, Koh PO

Cerebral ischemia is a major cause of neurodegenerative disease. It induces neuronal vulnerability and susceptibility, and leads to neuronal cell death. Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound that acts as an...
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The potential of earthworm and its components as a therapeutic agent for neuronal damage

Moon BC, Kim JS

Earthworms have been employed in traditional oriental medicine for the treatment of neurological disorders, as anticonvulsants, analgesics, and sedatives. In fact, earthworms are currently used as a medicinal agent in...
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Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion for the Prevention of Stroke in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: Review and Critical Appraisal

Schellinger PD, Tsivgoulis G, Steiner T, Köhrmann

The authors review the current status of percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation with the goal to prevent ischemic stroke and systemic embolism and...
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S100ß, Matrix Metalloproteinase-9, D-dimer, and Heat Shock Protein 70 Are Serologic Biomarkers of Acute Cerebral Infarction in a Mouse Model of Transient MCA Occlusion

Choi JI, Ha SK, Lim DJ, Kim SD, Kim SH

OBJECTIVE: Diagnosing acute cerebral infarction is crucial in determining prognosis of stroke patients. Although many serologic tests for prompt diagnosis are available, the clinical application of serologic tests is currently...
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Patterns of ischemic injury on brain images in neonatal group B Streptococcal meningitis

Choi SY, Kim JW, Ko JW, Lee YS, Chang YP

PURPOSE: This study investigated patterns of ischemic injury observed in brain images from patients with neonatal group B Streptococcal (GBS) meningitis. METHODS: Clinical findings and brain images from eight term or...
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Spatiotemporal Protein Atlas of Cell Death-Related Molecules in the Rat MCAO Stroke Model

Yoon JS, Jo D, Lee HS, Yoo SW, Lee TY, Hwang WS, Choi JM, Kim E, Kim SS, Suh-Kim H

Ischemic stroke and cerebral infarction triggered by the blockage of blood supply can cause damage to the brain via a complex series of pathological changes. Recently, diverse therapies have emerged...
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