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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Anaerobic Bacterial Clinical Isolates From 2014 to 2016, Including Recently Named or Renamed Species

Byun JH, Kim M, Lee Y, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Anaerobic bacterial resistance trends may vary across regions or institutions. Regional susceptibility patterns are pivotal in the empirical treatment of anaerobic infections. We determined the antimicrobial resistance patterns of...
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Impact of microbiota in colorectal carcinogenesis: lessons from experimental models

Yu LC, Wei SC, Ni YH

A role of gut microbiota in colorectal cancer (CRC) growth was first suggested in germ-free rats almost 50 years ago, and the existence of disease-associated bacteria (termed pathobionts) had becoming...
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Intestinal microbiota, chronic inflammation, and colorectal cancer

Park CH, Eun CS, Han DS

In addition to genetic and epigenetic factors, various environmental factors, including diet, play important roles in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). Recently, there is increasing interest in the intestinal...
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Effects of various prophylactic procedures on titanium surfaces and biofilm formation

Di Salle A, Spagnuolo , Conte R, Procino A, Peluso G, Rengo C

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of various prophylactic treatments of titanium implants on bacterial biofilm formation, correlating surface modifications with the biofilms produced by...
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Anaerobic Bacteremia: Impact of Inappropriate Therapy on Mortality

Kim J, Lee Y, Park Y, Kim M, Choi JY, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Investigation on incidence and mortality of anaerobic bacteremia (AB) is clinically relevant in spite of its infrequent occurrence and not often explored, which report varies according to period and...
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Bacteroides nordii and Bacteroides salyersiae Isolated from Post-operative Peritonitis Patients

Yoon JG, Kim H, Lee Y, Kim M, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K

In this study, we report three cases in which two species of the Bacteroides fragilis group, 'Bacteroides nordii' and 'Bacteroides salyersiae', were isolated from peritoneal fluid cultures from post-operative peritonitis...
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Multicenter Study of Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Anaerobic Bacteria in Korea in 2012

Lee Y, Park YJ, Kim MN, Uh Y, Kim MS, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Periodic monitoring of regional or institutional resistance trends of clinically important anaerobic bacteria is recommended, because the resistance of anaerobic pathogens to antimicrobial drugs and inappropriate therapy are associated...
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The Growth Inhibition Effect on the Bacterial Vaginosis Causative Bacteria by Citric Acid and Trisodium Phosphate

Yang NW, Sihn WJ

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most frequent vaginal disease being apt to relapse. The growth inhibition effect of the mixture of citric acid (CA) and trisodium phosphate (TSP) on BV...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Clinical Isolates of Bacteroides fragilis Group Organisms Recovered from 2009 to 2012 in a Korean Hospital

Yim J, Lee Y, Kim M, Seo YH, Kim WH, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Periodic monitoring of antimicrobial resistance trends of clinically important anaerobic bacteria such as Bacteroides fragilis group organisms is required. We determined the antimicrobial susceptibilities of clinical isolates of B....
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Comparative Analysis of Gastrointestinal Microbiota Between Normal and Caudal-Related Homeobox 2 (Cdx2) Transgenic Mice

Sakamoto H, Asahara T, Chonan O, Yuki N, Mutoh H, Hayashi S, Yamamoto H, Sugano K

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Caudal-related homeobox 2 (Cdx2) is expressed in the human intestinal metaplastic mucosa and induces intestinal metaplastic mucosa in the Cdx2 transgenic mouse stomach. Atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia commonly...
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The Growth Inhibition Effect on the Causative Bacteria of Bacterial Vaginosis by Bacterial Strains Isolated from the Vagina of a Healthy Woman

Sihn WJ, Yang NW

Two Gram-positive rod strains isolated from the healthy vagina of a woman were tested for the possibility as probiotics. One strain was identified as Steroidobacter denitrificans (YH1) and the other...
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Primary Aortoenteric Fistula to the Sigmoid Colon in Association with Intra-abdominal Abscess

Lee W, Jung CM, Cho EH, Ryu DR, Choi D, Kim J

Primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF) is a rare but catastrophic cause of massive gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis of PAEF is difficult to make and is frequently delayed without strong clinical suspicion. Timely...
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Bacteroides fragilis Toxin Induces IL-8 Secretion in HT29/C1 Cells through Disruption of E-cadherin Junctions

Hwang S, Gwon SY, Kim MS, Lee S, Rhee KJ

Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) is a human gut commensal bacteria that causes inflammatory diarrhea and colitis. ETBF also promotes colorectal tumorigenesis in the Min mouse model. The key virulence factor...
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In Vitro Activities of Ceftriaxone-Sulbactam against Major Aerobic and Anaerobic Bacteria from Clinical Samples

Cho S, Chung HS, Lee Y, Kim M, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: beta-lactam antibiotics are one of the most common antimicrobial agents. However, the increasing of beta-lactamase-producing bacteria makes these agents less useful. Therefore, agents stable for beta-lactamase have been developed....
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Pylephlebitis: Report of a Case Secondary to Appendicitis and Review of Cases Reported in Korea

Hwang MW, Kim BN

Pylephlebitis occurs secondary to infection in the region drained by the portal venous system. We described a case of pylephlebitis which developed as a complication of appendicitis and reviewed 22...
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Recent Trends of Anaerobic Bacteria Isolated from Clinical Specimens and Clinical Characteristics of Anaerobic Bacteremia

Park Y, Lee Y, Kim M, Choi JY, Yong D, Jeong SH, Kim JM, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Anaerobic bacteria can cause various infections, and their incidence may differ greatly, depending on the country or hospital. We investigated recent trends in anaerobe isolation and clinical characteristics of...
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Resistance Trends of Bacteroides fragilis Group Over an 8-Year Period, 1997-2004, in Korea

Roh KH, Kim S, Kim CK, Yum JH, Kim MS, Yong D, Lee K, Kim JM, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Bacteroides fragilis group organisms are the most frequently isolated anaerobes in human infections. Increasing resistance to various antimicrobial agents is a significant problem in choosing appropriate antimicrobial agents to...
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A case of pylephlebitis with Streptococcus viridans and Bacteroides fragilis bacteremia secondary to diverticulitis

Ku BH, Kim YS, Kim JH, Choi YK, Yeon JW, Lee SG, Kim SY

  • KMID: 2257631
  • Korean J Med.
  • 2009 May;76(5):622-626.
Pylephlebitis, a septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein or one of its tributaries, is a life-threatening complication of intra-abdominal infection. The causes of pylephlebitis include acute diverticulitis, appendicitis, acute cholecystitis,...
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A Case of Pylephlebitis of the Inferior Mesenteric Vein and Portal Vein

Jung HS, Shim KN, Jung JM, Kang MJ, Na YJ, Jung SA, Yoo K

  • KMID: 2284962
  • Intest Res.
  • 2009 Dec;7(2):105-109.
Pylephlebitis is defined as septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein or one of its tributaries. Pylephlebitis is an uncommon and often fatal complication of intra-abdominal infections, such as diverticulitis and...
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A Case of Pericardial Tamponade in a Korean Man with Pericardial Abscess due to Bacteroides fragilis

Kim SY, Moon SY, Kim KY, Kwon SJ, Kim MK, Lee MS, Lee HJ

  • KMID: 2170216
  • Infect Chemother.
  • 2007 Dec;39(6):314-317.
Purulent pericarditis is a rare, life-threatening condition and usually involves the whole pericardium. However only few cases have been reported in which a loculated pericardial abscess occurred from purulent pericarditis....
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