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Role of nociceptin/orphanin FQ and nociceptin opioid peptide receptor in depression and antidepressant effects of nociceptin opioid peptide receptor antagonists

Park JY, Chae S, Kim CS, Kim YJ, Yi HJ, Han E, Joo Y, Hong S, Yun JW, Kim H, Shin KH

Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and its receptor, nociceptin opioid peptide (NOP) receptor, are localized in brain areas implicated in depression including the amygdala, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, habenula, and...
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Promising Neuroimaging Biomarkers in Depression

Lai CH

The neuroimaging has been applied in the study of pathophysiology in major depressive disorder (MDD). In this review article, several kinds of methodologies of neuroimaging would be discussed to summarize...
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Mechanism of Mindfulness-Based Intervention and Neurobiological Basis

Kim HG

Mindfulness is a process in which all thoughts, feelings, sensations, and all phenomena that happen to me are uncritically recognized as they are, so that they are eventually accepted and...
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Morphologic Alterations in Amygdala Subregions of Adult Patients with Bipolar Disorder

Lee HJ, Han KM, Kim A, Kang W, Kang Y, Kang J, Won E, Tae WS, Ham BJ

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have revealed inconsistent results on amygdala volume in adult bipolar disorder (BD) patients compared to healthy controls (HC). Since the amygdala encompasses multiple subregions, the subtle volume...
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The Role of Intranasal Oxytocin in Anxiety and Depressive Disorders: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

De Cagna F, Fusar-Poli L, Damiani S, Rocchetti , Giovanna G, Mori A, Politi P, Brondino N

Several studies have demonstrated the neuromodulating function of oxytocin (OT) in response to anxiogenic stimuli as well as its potential role in the pathogenesis of depression. Consequently, intranasal OT (IN-OT)...
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Biological and Clinical Markers in Panic Disorder

Cosci F, Mansueto G

OBJECTIVE: Classifying mental disorders on the basis of objective makers might clarify their aetiology, help in making the diagnosis, identify “at risk” individuals, determine the severity of mental illness, and...
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Astrocyte Specificity and Coverage of hGFAP-CreERT2 [Tg(GFAP-Cre/ERT2)13Kdmc] Mouse Line in Various Brain Regions

Park YM, Chun H, Shin JI, Lee CJ

Astrocyte is the most abundant cell type in the central nervous system and its importance has been increasingly recognized in the brain pathophysiology. To study in vivo function of astrocyte,...
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Dysfunctional Social Reinforcement Processing in Disruptive Behavior Disorders: An Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Hwang S, Meffert H, VanTieghem MR, Sinclair S, Bookheimer SY, Vaughan B, Blair RJ

OBJECTIVE: Prior functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) work has revealed that children/adolescents with disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) show dysfunctional reward/non-reward processing of non-social reinforcements in the context of instrumental learning...
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From Gut to Brain: Alteration in Inflammation Markers in the Brain of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-induced Colitis Model Mice

Do J, Woo J

OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychiatric manifestations like depression and cognitive dysfunction commonly occur in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In the context of the brain-gut axis model, colitis can lead to alteration of brain...
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Effects of 5HT1A Activation on Depression Profile Following 5-HT Depletion in Rats Lacking Social Attachment Since Weanling

Chang KJ, Chen YJ, Chung JY, Lin CC, Liu YP

OBJECTIVE: Post weanling isolation-reared (IR) rats are featured with depressive phenotype, yet its mechanism is not clearly defined particularly in terms of the involvement of central 5-HT1A receptors. The present...
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Autism and Beauty: Neural Correlates of Aesthetic Experiences in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Park SK, Son JW, Chung S, Lee S, Ghim HR, Lee SI, Shin CJ, Kim S, Ju G, Choi SC, Kim YY, Koo YJ, Kim BN, Yoo HJ

  • KMID: 2436280
  • J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
  • 2018 Jul;29(3):101-113.
  • doi: 10.5765/jkacap.170031
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the neural activity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) patients is different from that of normal individuals when performing aesthetic judgments. METHODS:...
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Mechanisms of Stress-induced Visceral Pain

Greenwood-Van Meerveld B, Johnson AC

  • KMID: 2417268
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2018 Jan;24(1):7-18.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm17137
Evidence suggests that long-term stress facilitates visceral pain through sensitization of pain pathways and promotes chronic visceral pain disorders such as the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This review will describe...
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Decreased White Matter Structural Connectivity in Psychotropic Drug-Naïve Adolescent Patients with First Onset Major Depressive Disorder

Suh E, Kim J, Suh S, Park S, Lee J, Lee J, Kim IS, Lee MS

OBJECTIVES: Recent neuroimaging studies focus on dysfunctions in connectivity between cognitive circuits and emotional circuits: anterior cingulate cortex that connects dorsolateral orbitofrontal cortex and prefrontal cortex to limbic system. Previous...
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AAV-Mediated Astrocyte-Specific Gene Expression under Human ALDH1L1 Promoter in Mouse Thalamus

Koh W, Park YM, Lee SE, Lee CJ

Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene delivery has been proposed to be an essential tool of gene therapy for various brain diseases. Among several cell types in the brain, astrocyte has become...
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Neurodevelopmental Changes in Social Reinforcement Processing: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Hwang S, Meffert H, VanTieghem MR, White SF, Sinclair S, Bookheimer SY, Blair J

OBJECTIVE: In the current study we investigated neurodevelopmental changes in response to social and non-social reinforcement. METHODS: Fifty-three healthy participants including 16 early adolescents (age, 10–15 years), 16 late adolescents (age,...
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Structural and Functional Alterations at Pre-Epileptic Stage Are Closely Associated with Epileptogenesis in Pilocarpine-induced Epilepsy Model

Kim H, Choi Y, Joung HY, Choi YS, Kim HJ, Joo Y, Oh JH, Hann HJ, Cho ZH, Lee HW

Pilocarpine-induced rat epilepsy model is an established animal model that mimics medial temporal lobe epilepsy in humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate neuroimaging abnormalities in various stages...
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An Autopsy Proven Child Onset Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Lee K, Kim SI, Lee Y, Won JK, Park SH

Here we present an autopsy case of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in a 36-year-old man. He had a history of febrile seizures at the age of four and was severely...
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Differential Histone Acetylation in Sub-Regions of Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis Underlies Fear Consolidation and Extinction

Ranjan V, Singh S, Siddiqui S, Tripathi S, Khan MY, Prakash A

OBJECTIVE: The hallmark of anxiety disorders is excessive fear. Previous studies have suggested that selective neural projections from Basal nucleus of stria terminalis (BNST) to amygdala and vice-versa precisely control...
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Immunohistochemical Localization of Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein in Axon Terminals of Mouse Hippocampal Neurons

Bae SY, Sheverdin , Maeng J, Lyoo IK, Han PL, Lee K

Translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) is a cytosolic protein with microtubule stabilization and calcium-binding activities. TCTP is expressed in most organs including the nervous system. However, detailed distribution and functional...
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Mechanisms of Alzheimer's Disease Pathogenesis and Prevention: The Brain, Neural Pathology, N-methyl-D-aspartate Receptors, Tau Protein and Other Risk Factors

Kocahan S, DoÄŸan Z

The characteristic features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are the appearance of extracellular amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the intracellular environment, neuronal death and the loss of synapses, all...
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