J Korean Radiol Soc.  1999 Dec;41(6):1071-1076. 10.3348/jkrs.1999.41.6.1071.

Usefulness of Fluid Attenuated Inve rsion Re c overy(FLAIR) Image

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Pusan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the usefulness of fluid attenuated inversion recovery(FLAIR) imaging for the in detection of high signal intensity of hippocampus or amygdala in mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), compared with that of turbo spin-echo T2-weighted imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two neuroradiologists independently analyzed randomly mixed MR images of 20 lesions of 17 patients in whom MTS had been diagnosed, and ten normal controls. All subjects underwent both who performed both FLAIR and turbo spin-echo T2-weighted imaging, in a blind fashion. In order to determine hippocampal morphology, oblique coronal images perpendicular to the long axis of the hippocampus were obtained. The detection rate of high signal intensity in hippocampus or amygdala, the radiologists 'preferred imaging sequence, and intersubject consistency of detection were evaluated. Signal intensity in hippocampus or amygdala was considered high if substantially higher than signal intensity in the cortex of adjacent temporo-parietal lobe. RESULTS: In all normal controls, FLAIR and spin-echo T2-weighted images showed normal signal intensity in hippocampus or amygdala. In MTS, the mean detection rate of high signal intensity in hippocampus or amyg-dala, as seen on FLAIR images was 93%, compared with 43% on spin-echo T2-weighted images. In all cases in which signal intensity on FLAIR images was normal, signal intensity on spin-echo T2-weighted images was also normal. The radiologists preferred the contrast properties of FLAIR to those of spin-echo T2-weighted images. CONCLUSION: In the diagnosis of MTS using MRI, FLAIR images are more useful for the detection of high signal intensity of hippocampus or amygdala than are spin-echo T2-weighted images. In the diagnosis of MTS, FLAIR imaging is therefore a suitable alternative to spin-echo T2-weighted imaging.

Keyword

Brain, diseases; Brain, MR; Magnetic resonance (MR), pulse sequences

MeSH Terms

Amygdala
Axis, Cervical Vertebra
Diagnosis
Hippocampus
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Sclerosis
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