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Ann Surg Treat Res. 2016 Apr;90(4):207-212. English. Original Article.
Kim JM , Park JH , Jeong SH , Lee YJ , Ju YT , Jeong CY , Jung EJ , Hong SC , Choi SK , Ha WS .
Department of Surgery, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine and Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.
Gyeongnam Regional Cancer Center, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.
Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the association between low body mass index (BMI) and morbidity after gastric cancer surgery. METHODS: A total of 1,805 patients were included in the study. These subjects had undergone gastric cancer surgery at a single institution between January 1997 and December 2013. Clinicopathologic and morbidity data were analyzed by dividing the patients into 2 groups: underweight patients (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2) and nonunderweight patients (BMI ≥ 18.5 kg/m2). RESULTS: The overall complication rate as determined by our study was 24.4%. Pulmonary complications occurred more frequently in the underweight group (UWG) than in the non-UWG (10.5% vs. 3.8%, respectively; P = 0.012). Multivariate analysis revealed two independent factors responsible for postoperative pulmonary complications—weight of the patients (UWG vs. non-UWG, 10.8% vs. 3.8%; P < 0.007) and stage of gastric cancer (early stage vs. advanced stage, 3.1% vs. 6.8%; P < 0.023). Multivariate analysis revealed that underweight (UWG vs. non-UWG, 10.8% vs. 3.8%, respectively, P < 0.007) and advanced cancer stage (early stage vs. advanced stage, 3.1% vs. 6.8%, respectively, P = 0.023) were significant risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications. CONCLUSION: We concluded that underweight patients had a higher pulmonary complication rate. Additionally, underweight and advanced cancer stage were determined to be independent risk factors for the development of postoperative pulmonary complications.

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