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Child Health Nurs Res. 2017 Jan;23(1):81-90. Korean. Clinical Trial.
Park J , Ma H , Lee YN , Oh H .
Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea.
Department of Nursing, KyungHee University, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Nursing, KyungBuk College, Yeongju, Korea.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify trends in intervention studies on childhood obesity in Korea. METHODS: From 1996, when the first research paper on childhood obesity intervention was published, to 2015, 192 published papers were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: The number of studies increased sharply between 1996 and 2007, but declined slightly from then. The majority of studies involved only children as intervention participants. Most were elementary students, and overweight and obese children. Exercise therapy was the most common type of intervention. Parental participation was found in 35 studies, while teacher's participation was found in only one study. In many studies physiological indicators were used as measurement variables, but follow-up was done in only 10 studies. Finally, only a few studies applied a conceptual framework, while a quasi-experimental research design was used for most studies. CONCLUSION: Examination of trends in intervention studies on childhood obesity in Korea, shows there has been a quantitative increase but not enough improvement in terms of the quality of interventions. Findings in the present study suggest that it is necessary to seek diversity in terms of study participants, interventions and evaluation method along with quality improvement in research methodology.

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