Primary transitional cell carcinoma of the ovary is recently recognized, as one of the main types of ovarian carcinoma. Histologically, it is distinguished from malignant Brenner tumor only in the abscence of benign or proliferative Brenner tumor component. primary transitional cell carcinomas are more aggressive than malignant Brenner tumors. However, Primary transitional cell carcinomas have a better response to chemotherapy than other types of ovarian carcinomas. We report a case of primary transitional cell carcinoma presenting as both ovarian masses that developed in a 60-year-old woman with a brief review of literature.