Primary sarcomas of the uteriae cerrix are exceedingly rare neoplasms. They comprise less than 1 percent of all cancers, with an incidence of 0.2 to 0.4 percent of those originating in the cervix. Indeed, only 19 cases of primary cervical leiomyosarcomas have been reported in the English literature. We have recently experienced one case of leiomyosarcoma arising from the cervix in a 40-year-old woman. Therefore, we the case with a brief review of the literature.