Adenoid basal carcinoma of the cervix is very rare tumor. It is slow-growing and locally invasive tumor amenable to simply hystrectomy. It is common to be associated with severe dysplasia and carcinoma in situ(CIS) of cervix Occasionally, concommitant microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma may also be seen. Differential diagnosis includes adenoid cystic carcinoma, which is more aggressive tumor associated with regional lymph node involvement and late pulmonary metastasis. We have recently experienced a case of adenoid basal carcinoma of the cervix in 61 years-old woman, which is presented with a brief review of the literature.