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Blood Res. 2017 Dec;52(4):300-306. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5045/br.2017.52.4.300
Kim R , Koh Y , Shin DY , Choe PG , Kim NJ , Yoon SS , Oh MD , Park WB , Kim I .
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. wbpark1@snu.ac.kr, ihkimmd@snu.ac.kr
Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

Background

We evaluated the outcomes of serum galactomannan (GM) assay for the screening of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) recipients while on primary antifungal prophylaxis (PAP).

Methods

This study included patients with hematologic disorders who underwent alloHSCT from January 2013 to November 2015. Patients received routine PAP with fluconazole before 2014 and micafungin after 2014; serum GM tests were performed and retrospectively analyzed. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of serum GM tests for detection of probable/proven IPA were evaluated. The serial change of serum GM levels was illustrated on a time series plot.

Results

A total of 136 alloHSCT recipients at Seoul National University Hospital were included in the study. Fluconazole was administered in 72 patients for PAP, while micafungin was administered in the remaining 64 patients. The overall sensitivity, specificity, and NPV of serum GM assays were 95.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 78.9–99.9%), 93.8% (95% CI 91.7–95.5%), and 99.8% (95% CI 99.1–100.0%), respectively. However, the PPV of GM tests was relatively low at 35.4% (95% CI 23.9–48.2%). The serial change in serum GM levels differed according to the antifungal agents used. With effective PAP using micafungin, serial serum GM levels showed zero order kinetics during the neutropenic period.

Conclusion

Although the serum GM assay is a sensitive and specific test for detecting IPA in alloHSCT recipients, its role for routine surveillance in an era of effective PAP with micafungin is limited.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.