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Allergy. 1995 Sep;15(3):354-358. Korean. Case Report.
Cha MK , Lee SC , Kim SY , Ha SJ , Lee GB .

The baboon syndrome is a type N reaction to systemically administered allergens, which is caused by hematogenous spread of allergens, such as mercury, nickel, ampicillin, amoxicillin, heparin or food additives. Diffuse light-red erythema of the buttocks, upper inner surface of the thighs, and axillae is a distinguishing characteristic of this syndrome. We herein report two cases of the baboon syndrome, which developed after breaking a clinical thermometer. Our patients had a past personal history of contact dermatitis to mercurochrome, and by patch testing were found to have contact allergy to mercury ammonium chloride.

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