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Restor Dent Endod. 2018 Nov;43(4):e48. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5395/rde.2018.43.e48
Costa VL , Tribst JP , Uemura ES , de Morais DC , Borges AL .
Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Science and Technology, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil. joao.tribst@ict.unesp.br
Abstract

Objectives

To analyze the influence of thickness and incisal extension of indirect veneers on the stress and strain generated in maxillary canine teeth.

Materials and Methods

A 3-dimensional maxillary canine model was validated with an in vitro strain gauge and exported to computer-assisted engineering software. Materials were considered homogeneous, isotropic, and elastic. Each canine tooth was then subjected to a 0.3 and 0.8 mm reduction on the facial surface, in preparations with and without incisal covering, and restored with a lithium disilicate veneer. A 50 N load was applied at 45° to the long axis of the tooth, on the incisal third of the palatal surface of the crown.

Results

The results showed a mean of 218.16 µstrain of stress in the in vitro experiment, and 210.63 µstrain in finite element analysis (FEA). The stress concentration on prepared teeth was higher at the palatal root surface, with a mean value of 11.02 MPa and varying less than 3% between the preparation designs. The veneers concentrated higher stresses at the incisal third of the facial surface, with a mean of 3.88 MPa and a 40% increase in less-thick veneers. The incisal cover generated a new stress concentration area, with values over 48.18 MPa.

Conclusions

The mathematical model for a maxillary canine tooth was validated using FEA. The thickness (0.3 or 0.8 mm) and the incisal covering showed no difference for the tooth structure. However, the incisal covering was harmful for the veneer, of which the greatest thickness was beneficial.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.