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Restor Dent Endod. 2017 Feb;42(1):27-33. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5395/rde.2017.42.1.27
Kim HR , Kim YK , Kwon TY .
Department of Dental Science, Graduate School, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
Department of Conservative Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
Department of Dental Biomaterials, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. tykwon@knu.ac.kr
Institute for Biomaterials Research and Development, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the optimal timing for post space preparation of root canals sealed with epoxy resin-based AH Plus sealer in terms of its polymerization and influence on apical leakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The epoxy polymerization of AH Plus (Dentsply DeTrey) as a function of time after mixing (8, 24, and 72 hours, and 1 week) was evaluated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and microhardness measurements. The change in the glass transition temperature (Tg ) of the material with time was also investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Fifty extracted human single-rooted premolars were filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus, and randomly separated into five groups (n = 10) based on post space preparation timing (immediately after root canal obturation and 8, 24, and 72 hours, and 1 week after root canal obturation). The extent of apical leakage (mm) of the five groups was compared using a dye leakage test. Each dataset was statistically analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's post hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Continuous epoxy polymerization of the material with time was observed. Although the T(g) values of the material gradually increased with time, the specimens presented no clear T(g) value at 1 week after mixing. When the post space was prepared 1 week after root canal obturation, the leakage was significantly higher than in the other groups (p < 0.05), among which there was no significant difference in leakage. CONCLUSIONS: Poor apical seal was detected when post space preparation was delayed until 1 week after root canal obturation.

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