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Restor Dent Endod. 2015 Nov;40(4):255-261. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5395/rde.2015.40.4.255
Tekce N , Tuncer S , Demirci M , Serim ME , Baydemir C .
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Kocaeli, Kocaeli, Turkey. neslihan_arslann@hotmail.com
Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University of Kocaeli, Kocaeli, Turkey.
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of three different drinks on the color parameters of four different restorative materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three different composites (Filtek Ultimate Universal Restorative, Filtek Ultimate Flowable, and Filtek Silorane, 3M ESPE) and a polyacid-modified composite resin material (Dyract XP, Dentsply DeTrey GmbH) were evaluated. Eighty-four disc-shaped specimens of 8 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness were prepared (n = 21 each). Color coordinates (L*a*b*, DeltaL*, Deltaa*, Deltab*, and DeltaE*) were measured using a VITA Easyshade Compact (VITA Zahnfabrik) after 24 hr of storage (baseline) and after 30 day of storage in three different beverages of black tea, Coca cola, or water (control) (n = 7). In each beverage, the specimens were stored three times a day, one hr each, for 30 day. The color changes (DeltaE) were calculated and were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn multiple comparison test. RESULTS: The color difference (DeltaE*) of the resin materials ranged between 1.31 and 15.28 after 30 day of immersion in the staining solutions. Dyract XP in Coca cola (15.28 +/- 2.61) and black tea (12.22 +/- 2.73) showed the highest mean DeltaE* value after 30 day, followed by Filtek Ultimate Universal Restorative (5.99 +/- 1.25) and Filtek Ultimate Flowable (4.71 +/- 1.40) in black tea (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The compomers displayed unacceptable color changes at the end of 30 day in all beverages. Among resin composites, the silorane based composite exhibited relatively good color stability than the others. Filtek Ultimate Universal Restorative and Filtek Flowable showed similar color changes in all beverages.

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