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J Audiol Otol. 2018 Jul;22(3):134-139. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.7874/jao.2017.00304
Heidari A , Moossavi A , Yadegari F , Bakhshi E , Ahadi M .
Department of Audiology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. moossavi.a@iums.ac.ir
Department of Speech Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Biostatistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Audiology, Rehabilitation Research Center, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract

Background and Objectives

Numerous studies have indicated deterioration of speech perception in noisy conditions among the elderly even those with normal hearing capabilities. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of age on the speech-in-noise identification by speech-in-noise (SIN) test, subjective ratings of hearing difficulties by speech, spatial, and qualities of hearing scale (SSQ) questionnaire and encoding of fundamental frequency (F₀) by Speech auditory brainstem response (ABR) in the elderly and comparing the results with young people.

Subjects and Methods

The present study was conducted on 32 elderly people aged over 60 years old (17 male and 15 female) with the mean age of 68.9 (standard deviation=6.33) possessing normal peripheral hearing and 32 young subjects (16 male and 16 female) aged 18-25 years old.

Results

Findings showed that the score of SIN test is lower among the elderly people as compared with young people in signal-to-noise ratios of 0 and -10 based on Iranian version of SSQ questionnaire (p < 0.001). The range of F₀ amplitude in the elderly people is also lower than young people (p < 0.001) in Speech ABR.

Conclusions

It seems that speech processing in older people is deteriorated comparing with young people regardless of their normal peripheral auditory thresholds. This decrease will result in weaker perception and improper segregation of speech from other competing sources.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.