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Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg. 2018 Feb;22(1):52-57. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.14701/ahbps.2018.22.1.52
Shirah BH , Shirah HA , Zafar SH , Albeladi KB .
King Abdullah International Medical Research Center/King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. shirah007@ksau-hs.edu.sa
Department of General Surgery, Al Ansar General Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia.
Department of Medicine, Al Ansar General Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia.
King Abdulaziz Medical City/King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Abstract

Backgrounds/Aims

Postcholecystectomy syndrome represents a heterogeneous group of symptoms and findings in patients who have previously undergone cholecystectomy. It is rare and under-reported in Saudi Arabia. It can be attributed to many complications such as bile duct injury, biliary leak, retained common bile duct stones, recurrent bile duct stones, and bile duct strictures. In this study, we aimed to analyze the causes and evaluate the approach to postcholecystectomy syndrome in our local Saudi Arabian community because of the vast number of cases encountered in our hospital for gallbladder clinical conditions and its related complications.

Methods

A prospective cohort database analysis of 272 patients who were diagnosed and treated for postcholecystectomy syndrome between January 2000 and December 2013 were reviewed.

Results

The incidence rate of postcholecystectomy syndrome was 19.8%. The male to female ratio was 1:1.45. The mean age was 37.41±7.12 years. The most common causes were as follows: No obvious cause in 50 (18.4%) patients, Helicobacter pylori infection in 43 (15.8%), pancreatitis in 42 (15.4%), peptic ulcer disease in 41 (15.1%), recurrent common bile duct (CBD) stone in 26 (9.6%), retained CBD stone in 22 (8.1%), bile leakage in 19 (7%), stenosis of the sphincter of Oddi in 12 (4.4%), cystic duct stump syndrome in 11 (4%), and CBD Stricture in 5 (1.8%). The mortality rate was 0%.

Conclusions

Any clinical presentation of postcholecystectomy should not be underestimated and be thoroughly investigated. Multidisciplinary collaboration is crucial for the best outcome and a safe approach for all the patients.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.