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J Cerebrovasc Endovasc Neurosurg. 2017 Jun;19(2):101-105. English. Case Report. https://doi.org/10.7461/jcen.2017.19.2.101
Ding D , Przybylowski CJ , Starke RM , Crowley RW , Liu KC .
Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, AZ, USA. daleding1234@gmail.com
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.
Department of Neurological Surgery, Rush University, Chicago, IL, USA.
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
Abstract

Large lobar intracerebral hemorrhages (ICHs) can cause rapid neurological deterioration, and affected patients have low rates of survival and functional independence. Currently, the role of surgical intervention in the management patients with lobar ICHs is controversial. Minimally invasive technologies have been developed which may potentially decrease the operative morbidity of ICH surgery. The aim of this case report is to describe the technical aspects of the use of a novel minimally invasive endoport system, the BrainPath (NICO, Indianapolis, IN, USA), through an eyebrow incision for evacuation of a large lobar hematoma. An 84-year-old female presented with a left frontal ICH, measuring 7.5 cm in maximal diameter and 81 cm³ in volume, secondary to cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Through a left eyebrow incision, a miniature modified orbitozygomatic craniotomy was performed, which allowed endoport cannulation of the hematoma from a lateral subfrontal cortical entry point. Endoport-assisted hematoma evacuation resulted in nearly 90% volume reduction and improvement of the patient's functional status at clinical follow-up. We found that minimally invasive endoport technology can be employed in conjunction with conventional neurosurgical skull base principles to achieve safe and effective evacuation of large lobar hematomas in carefully selected patients.

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