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Korean J Infect Dis. 1999 Feb;31(1):35-40. Korean. Case Report.
Yim HJ , Lee JS , Hur BW , Sohn JW , Woo HJ , Cheong HJ , Kim WJ , Kim MJ , Park SC .
Depatment of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Herpetic meningoencephalitis is a devastating disease with significant morbidity and mortality. One of the most serious clinical sequelae is aphasia, usually of sensory type, whereas, Broca's or motor aphasia is not a common manifestation. We report a case of herpetic meningoencephalitis diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and viral culture with Broca's aphasia as a neurologic sequela. A 35-year old male patient was admitted due to fever and altered mentality for 3 days. He was accompanied by nausea, vomiting, disorientation, and memory defect. Several vesicular eruptions were noted around the lips. Neck stiffness was present, but Kernig's and Brudzinski signs were not observed. Herpetic meningoencephalitis was confirmed with PCR and other diagnostic tests such as EEG, brain MRI, brain CT scan, and viral culture. His overall clinical condition was improved after acyclovir therapy, but Broca's aphasia remained as a sequela.

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