Non-O1 V. cholerae usually causes endemic disease. Common clinical manifestations of this infection involve gastroenteritis, sepsis, and wound infection. In Korea, six cases of infection with this pathogen have been reported. From 1995 to 1996, non-O1 V. cholerae was isolated from blood of three patients of sepsis in this hospital. Two of them had liver cirrhosis as an underlying disease. One patient died of progressive sepsis and another two patients recovered. The isolates were identified by API 20E(API system, BioMerieux, France) and their biochemical properties were characterized. The serotypes of two isolates were determined to be O2 and O24. These cases, with the previous reports, suggest that non-O1 V. cholera should be considered as a pathogen causing septicemia in patients who have underlying disease of liver cirrhosis during summer.