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Imaging Sci Dent. 2018 Sep;48(3):153-160. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5624/isd.2018.48.3.153
Zainedeen O , Al Haffar I , Kochaji N , Wassouf G .
Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria. obaizainaldeen@gmail.com
Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria.
Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to assess the reliability of ultrasonography (US) in comparison with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) as a tool for monitoring the healing of jaw lesions.

Materials and Methods

Twenty-one radiolucent lesions in jaws referred to the Oral Surgery Department at our institution were selected for this study. All lesions underwent CBCT and US examinations. The anteroposterior, superoinferior, and mesiodistal dimensions of the lesions were measured on CBCT and US images before surgery and at 6 months after surgery. The dimensions were compared between the US and CBCT images. Blood-flow velocity around the lesions was measured by color Doppler before surgery and at 1 week and 6 months after surgery to assess the capability of US to show changes in blood-flow velocity around the lesion.

Results

Before surgery, there were no significant differences between US and CBCT in the mesiodistal and anteroposterior dimensions, although a significant difference was found in the superoinferior dimension (P < .05). However, at 6 months after surgery, significant differences were found between US and CBCT in all dimensions, and it is likely that the US measurements more accurately reflected the extent of healing. The average blood-flow velocity increased at 1 week after surgery (5.84 cm/s) compared with the velocity before surgery (4 cm/s) (P < .05). Then, at 6 months after surgery, the blood-flow velocity significantly decreased (3.53 cm/s) compared to the velocity measured at 1 week after surgery (P < .05).

Conclusion

US with color Doppler was confirmed to be a more efficient tool than CBCT for monitoring bone healing.

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