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Imaging Sci Dent. 2017 Mar;47(1):11-15. English. Original Article.
da Silva NC , Barriviera M , Junqueira JL , Panzarella FK , Raitz R .
São Leopoldo Mandic Research Center, Department of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Department of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, Catholic University of Brasilia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

PURPOSE: This study was performed to investigate the intra- and inter-observer variability in linear measurements with axial images obtained by PreXion (PreXion Inc., San Mateo, USA) and i-CAT (Imaging Sciences International, Xoran Technologies Inc., Hatfield, USA) CBCT scanners, with different voxel sizes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cylindrical object made from nylon with radiopaque markers (phantom) was scanned by i-CAT and PreXion 3D devices. For each axial image, measurements were taken twice in the horizontal (distance A-B) and vertical (distance C-D) directions, randomly, with a one-week interval between measurements, by four oral radiologists with five years or more experience in the use of these measuring tools. RESULTS: All of the obtained linear measurements had lower values than those of the phantom. The statistical analysis showed high intra- and inter-observer reliability (p=0.297). Compared to the real measurements, the measurements obtained using the i-CAT device and PreXion tomography, on average, revealed absolute errors ranging from 0.22 to 0.59 mm and from 0.23 to 0.63 mm, respectively. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that both scanners are accurate, although the linear measurements are underestimations, with no significant differences between the evaluators.

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