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Imaging Sci Dent. 2015 Sep;45(3):159-168. English. Comparative Study. https://doi.org/10.5624/isd.2015.45.3.159
Dalili Kajan Z , Khademi J , Alizadeh A , Babaei Hemmaty Y , Atrkar Roushan Z .
Department of Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. zahradalili@yahoo.com
Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Department of Radiology, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Faculty of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Department of Biostatistics, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Abstract

PURPOSE: This study was performed to compare the metal artifacts from common metal orthodontic brackets in magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dry mandible with 12 intact premolars was prepared, and was scanned ten times with various types of brackets: American, 3M, Dentaurum, and Masel orthodontic brackets were used, together with either stainless steel (SS) or nickel titanium (NiTi) wires. Subsequently, three different sequences of coronal and axial images were obtained: spin-echo T1-weighted images, fast spin-echo T2-weighted images, and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images. In each sequence, the two sequential axial and coronal images with the largest signal-void area were selected. The largest diameters of the signal voids in the direction of the X-, Y-, and Z-axes were then measured twice. Finally, the mean linear values associated with different orthodontic brackets were analyzed using one-way analysis of variation, and the results were compared using the independent t-test to assess whether the use of SS or NiTi wires had a significant effect on the images. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were only observed along the Z-axis among the four different brands of orthodontic brackets with SS wires. A statistically significant difference was observed along all axes among the brackets with NiTi wires. A statistically significant difference was found only along the Z-axis between nickel-free and nickel-containing brackets. CONCLUSION: With respect to all axes, the 3M bracket was associated with smaller signal-void areas. Overall, the 3M and Dentaurum brackets with NiTi wires induced smaller artifacts along all axes than those with SS wires.

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